Minna no Nihongo lesson 8 – All vocabulary and grammar with explanation

Minna no Nihongo Lesson 8 will introduce you to 63 new words and 8 new grammar structures of Japanese

Vocabulary and grammar of Minna no Nihongo lesson 8

  • Part 1: Vocabulary
  • Part 2: Grammar

Part 1: Vocabulary

Listed below are 63 new words that appear in lesson 8. Let’s review these words before learning grammar.

NO WORD KANJI MEANING
1 しずかな 静か[な] quiet
2 きれいな beautiful, clean
3 ハンサムな handsome
4 にぎやかな lively
5 ゆうめいな 有名[な] famous
6 しんせつな 親切[な] kind
7 げんきな 元気[な] healthy, sound, cheerful
8 ひまな 暇[な] free (time)
9 いそがしい 忙しい busy
10 べんりな 便利[な] convenient
11 すてきな fine, nice, wonderful
12 おおきい 大きい big, large
13 ちいさい 小さい small, little
14 あたらしい 新しい new
15 ふるい 古い old (not of age)
16 いい good
17 わるい 悪い bad
18 あつい 暑い、熱い hot
19 つめたい 冷たい cold (referring to temperature)
20 さむい 寒い cold (referring to touch)
21 むずかしい 難しい difficult
22 やさしい 優しい easy
23 きびしい 厳しい strict
24 やすい 安い inexpensive
25 たかい 高い expensive, tall, high
26 ひくい 低い low
27 おもしろい interesting
28 つまらない boring
29 おいしい delicious, tasty
30 たのしい 楽しい enjoyable
31 しろい 白い white
32 くろい 黒い black
33 あかい 赤い red
34 あおい 青い blue
35 さくら cherry (blossom)
36 やま mountain
37 まち town, city
38 たべもの 食べ物 food
39 くるま car
40 ところ car
41 りょう dormitory
42 べんきょう 勉強 study
43 せいかつ 生活 life
44 (お)しごと [をします] [お] 仕事 work, business (do one’s job, work)
45 どう how
46 どんな what kind of…
47 どれ which one (of three or more)
48 とても very
49 あまり~ません(くない) not so (used with negatives)
50 そして and (used to connect sentence)
51 ~が、 but
52 おげんきですか お元気ですか。 How are you?
53 そうですね Well, let me see. (pausing)
54 ふじさん Mt. Fuji, the highest mountain in Japan.
55 びわこ Lake Biwa, the biggest lake in Japan
56 シャンハイ Shanghai
57 しちにんのさむらい “The Seven Samurai”, a classic movie by Akira Kurosawa.
58 きんかくじ Kinkakuji Temple (the Golden Pavilion)
59 にほんのせいかつになれましたか 日本の生活に慣れましたか。 Have you got used to life in Japan?
60 もう いっぱいいかがですか Won’t you have another cup of [∼]?
61 いいえ、けっこうです No, thank you.
62 そろそろ、しつれいします It’s almost time to leave now.
63 また いらっしゃってください Please come again.

Part 2: Grammar

  1. Adjective­­­s

Adjectives are used as 1) predicates and 2) noun modifiers. They inflect and are divided into two groups, い-adjectives and な-adjectives, according to the inflection.

  1. N は な-adj []です/ N は い-adj (…い) です

  • ですat the end of an adjective sentence shows the speaker’s polite attitude toward the listener. A い-adjective with い at the en­­d comes before です whereas a な -adjective without  [な] comes before です.

ワット先生は親切です。                        Mr.Watt is kind.

富士山は高いです。                                Mr.Fuji is high.

ですis used when a sentence is non-past and affirmative.

  • な-adj [] じゃありません

The negative form of な –adj [] です is な-adj [な] じゃありません. (な-adj [] ではありません)

あそこは静かじゃ (では)ありません。         It’s not quiet there.

  • い-adj (….い) です-> …くないです

To make the negative form of a い -adjective,  い at the end of the い-adjective is alerted to くない.

この本はおもしろくないです。                                 This book is not interesting.

The negative for いいですis よくないです.

  • Questions using adjective sentences are made in the same way as those using noun or verb sentence. In answering a question, you repeat the adjective used in the question. そうです or そうじゃありません cannot be used.

ペキンは寒いです。                                       Is it cold in Bejing?

…はい、寒いです。                                       … Yes, it is.

琵琶湖の水はきれいですか。                       Is the water of Lake Biwa clean?

…いいえ、きれいじゃありません                … No, it isn’t.

  1. な-adj N / い-adj (…い) N

An adjective is put before a noun to modify it. A  な -adjective needs なbefore a noun.

ワット先生は親切な先生です。                    Mr.Watt is a kind teacher.

富士山は高い山です。                                   Mr.Fuji is a high mountain.

  1. とても/あまり

とても and あまり are adverbs of degree. Both come before the adjectives they are modifying.

とても is used in affirmative sentences, and means “very”. あまり is used in negative sentences. あまりand a  negative form means “not very”.

ペキンはとても寒いです。                               Bejing is very cold.

これはとても有名な映画です。                       This is a very famous movie.

シャンハイはあまり寒くないです。              Shanghai is not very cold.

桜大学はあまり有名な大学じゃありません。

Sakura University is not a very famous university.

  1. Nはどうですか

This question is used to ask an impression or an opinion about a thing, place or person, etc…, that the listener has experienced, visited or met.

日本の生活はどうですか。                              How is life in Japan?

…楽しいです。                                                 …It’s enjoyable.

6. Nはどんな N2 ですか

When the speaker wants the listener to describe or explain N1, this question pattern is used. N2 denotes the category N1 belongs to. The interrogative どんな is always followed by a noun.

奈良はどんな街です。                                     What kind of town is Nara?

…古い町です。                                                  …It’s an old town.

7. Sが、S2

がis a conjunctive particle, meaning “but”.It is used to link sentences.

日本の食べ物はおいしいですが、高いです。

Japanese food is good but expensive.

  1. どれ

This interrogative is used to ask the listener to choose or designate one from more than two things concretely shown or named.

ミラーさんのかさはどれですか。                      Which is Mr.Miller’s umbrella?

…あの青い傘です。                                               …That blue one is.

The above is all knowledge about Vocabulary and Grammar of Minna no Nihongo lesson 8. To see other lessons, please click here.

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