Minna no Nihongo lesson 7 – All vocabulary and grammar with explanation

Minna no Nihongo Lesson 7 will introduce you to 49 new words and 5 new grammar structures of Japanese

Vocabulary and grammar of Minna no Nihongo lesson 7

  • Part 1: Vocabulary
  • Part 2: Grammar

Part 1: Vocabulary

Listed below are 49 new words that appear in lesson 7. Let’s review these words before learning grammar.

1 きります 切ります cut, slice
2 もらいます receive
3 あげます give
4 おくります 送ります send
5 かします 貸します lend
6 かります 借ります borrow
7 おしえます 教えます teach
8 ならいます 習います learn
9 かけます make
10 「でんわをかけます。」 電話をかけます。 make [a telephone call]
11 hand, arm
12 はし chopsticks
13 スプーン spoon
14 ナイフ knife
15 フォーク folk
16 はさみ scissors
17 ファクス (ファッス) fax
18 ワープロ word processor
19 パソコン personal computer
20 パンチ punch
21 ホッチキス stapler
22 セロテープ Scotch tape, clear adhesive tape
23 けしゴム 消しゴム eraser
24 かみ paper
25 はな flower
26 シャツ shirt
27 プレゼント present, gift
28 にもつ 荷物 baggage, parcel
29 おかね お金 money
30 きっぷ 切符 ticket
31 クリスマス Christmas
32 ちち (my) father
33 はは (my) mother
34 おとうさん お父さん (someone else’s) father
35 おかあさん お母さん (someone else’s) mother
36 もう already
37 まだ not yet
38 これから from now on, soon
39 すてきですね。 What a nice [∼]
40 ごめんください。 Excuse me./Anybody home?/May I come in? (an expression used by a visitor)
41 いらっしゃい How nice of you to come. (lit. Welcome.)
42 どうぞおあがりくい。 Do come in.
43 しつれいします Thank you./May I? (lit. I’m afraid I’ll be disturbing you.)
44 (~は)いかがですか。 Won’t you have [∼]?/Would you like to have [∼]? (used when offering something)
45 いただきます。 Thank you./I accept. (said before starting to eat or drink)
46 りょこう(をします) trip, tour
47 おみやげ お土産 souvenir, present
48 ヨーロッパ Europe
49 スペイン Spain

Part 2: Grammar

  1. N (tool/means) で V

The particle で indicates a method or a mean used for an action.

はしで 食べます。                        I eat with chopsticks.

日本語でレポートを書きます。 I write a report in Japanese.

  2. “Word/Sentence” は … 語で何ですか

This question is used to ask how to say a word or a sentence in other languages.


… 「Thank you」です。

What’s “ありがとう” in English?

… It’s “Thank you”.

  3. N (person) に あげます, etc.

Verbs like あげます, かします, おしえます, etc., need persons to whom you give, lend, teach, etc. The persons are marked with に.


Mr.Yamada gave flowers to Ms.Kimura.

イーさんに 本を貸しました。

I lent my book to Ms.Lee.


I teach Taro English.

[Note] With verbs like おくります, でんわをかけます, etc., place nouns can be used instead of N (person). In this case, the particle へ is sometimes used instead of に.


I’ll call my office.

  4. N (person) に,もらいます, etc.

Verbs like もらいます, かります and ならいますexpress actions from the receiving side. The persons from whom you receive those actions are marked with に.


Ms.Kimura received flowers from Mr.Yamada.


I borrowed a CD from Ms.Karina.


I learn Chinese from Mr.Wang.

から is sometimes used instead of に in this sentence pattern. When you receive something from an organization like a school or a company, only からis used.


Ms.Kimura received flowers from Mr.Yamada.


I borrowed some money from the bank.

  5. もう Vました。

もう means “ already” and is used with Vました. In this case, Vました means that the action has been finished.

The answer to the question もう  Vましたか is はい、もうVました or いいえ、まだです.

もう荷物を送りましたか。               Have you sent the parcel yet?

… はい、[もう] 送りました。         … Yes, I have [already sent it].

… いいえ、まだです。                     … No, not yet.

In giving a negative answer to this type of question, you should not use Vませんでした, as this simply means you did not do the specified task rather than you have not done it yet.

The above is all knowledge about Vocabulary and Grammar of Minna no Nihongo lesson 7. To see other lessons, please click here.

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