Minna no Nihongo lesson 50 – All vocabulary and grammar with explanation

Minna no Nihongo Lesson 50 will introduce you to 46 new words and 2 new grammar structures of Japanese

Vocabulary and grammar of Minna no Nihongo lesson 50

  • Part 1: Vocabulary
  • Part 2: Grammar

Part 1: Vocabulary

Listed below are 46 new words that appear in lesson 50. Let’s review these words before learning grammar.

1 まいります 参ります go, come (humble equivalent of いきますand きます)
2 おります be (humble equivalent of います)
3 いただきます eat, drink, receive (humble equivalent of たべます, のみますand もらいます)
4 もうします 申します say (humble equivalent of いいます)
5 いたします do (humble equivalent of します)
6 はいけんします 拝見します see (humble equivalent of みます)
7 ぞんじます 存じます know (humble equivalent of しります)
8 うかがいます 伺います ask, hear, visit (humble equivalent of ききますandいきます )
9 おめにかかります お目にかかります meet (humble equivalent of あいます)
10 ございます be (polite equivalent of あります)
11 ~でございます be (polite equivalent of ~です)
12 わたくし I (humble equivalent of わたし)
13 ガイド guide
14 おたく お宅 someone else’s house
15 こうがい 郊外 suburbs
16 アルバム album
17 さらいしゅう さ来週 the week after next
18 さらいげつ さ来月 the month after next
19 さらいねん さ来年 the year after next
20 はんとし 半年 half a year
21 さいしょに 最初に first of all
22 さいごに 最後に lastly
23 ただいま ただ今 now
24 えどとうきょうはくぶつかん 江戸東京博物館 Edo-Tokyo Museum
25 きんちょうします 緊張します become tense, be strained
26 ほうそうします 放送します broadcast
27 とります[ビデオに~] 撮ります record (on video)
28 しょうきん 賞金 prize money
29 しぜん 自然 nature
30 きりん giraffe
31 ぞう elephant
32 ころ times, days
33 かないます[ゆめが~] [夢が~] (dream) be realized
34 ひとことよろしいでしょうか May I say one word?
35 きょうりょくします 協力します cooperate
36 こころから 心から from my heart
37 かんしゃします 感謝します be grateful, be thankful
38 [お]れい [お]礼 gratitude, thanks
39 はいけい 拝啓 Dear ~
40 うつくしい 美しい beautiful
41 おげんきでいらっしゃいますか お元気でいらっしゃいますか How are you doing? (respectful equivalent of おげんきですか)
42 めいわくをかけます 迷惑をかけます trouble, annoy, inconvenience
43 いかします 生かします make good use of
44 [お]しろ [お]城 castle
45 けいぐ 敬具 Sincerely yours
46 ミュンヘン Munich (in Germany)


Part 2: Grammar

  1. 謙譲語 (humble expressions)

けんじょうごare expressions in which the speaker humbles himself/herself and lowers his/her own acts to show respect to the listener or the person being referred to. Respect is directed at a person of higher social status or そとのひと (an outsider). けんじょうごis also used when the speaker refers to うちのひと (an insider) in front of an outsider.

1) お/ご~します

(1) おV (I, II group)ます-formします


It looks so heavy. Shall I carry it for you?


I will tell the president the schedule.


My elder brother will take you in his car.

In examples (*) and (**), the speaker humbles himself/herself by lowering his/her acts to show his/her respect to the listener (*) or the person being referred to (**). In example (***), the action is performed by an insider, not by the speaker.

This form is not applicable to verbs in which the ます-form consists of one mora as in みますor います.

(2) ごV (III group)


I will take you to the Edo-Tokyo Museum.


I will explain today’s schedule.

This pattern is applicable to Group III verbs. Other than those verbs given in the examples above, only those verbs which imply some association with the listener such as しょうかいします, しょうたいします, そうだんしますand れんらくしますcan be used. でんわしますand やくそくしますare exceptions in thatお instead of ごprecedes them.

[Note] The patterns in (*) and (**) can only be used with acts which involve another person beside the agent of the act. Therefore, they are not applicable to an act that does not involve another person such as the one in the following example.

x 私は来月国へお帰りします。

2) Special humble verbs

There are some verbs which contain humble meanings. They are used as follows.

(1) When the speaker’s act involves the listener or the person to whom respect is directed:


I met the president’s wife.



Who will come over to help me tomorrow?

I will.

(2) When the speaker’s act does not involve the listener or the person to whom respect is directed:


My name is Miller.


I come from the United States.

  1. 丁寧語 (polite expressions)

ていねいごare polite expressions used to show the speaker’s respect to the listener.

1) ございます

ございますis the polite equivalent of あります.


The pay phone is beside the stairs.

2) ~でございます

~でございますis the polite equivalent of です.



Hello, this is IMC.

This is Schmidt of Power Electric. May I speak to Mr. Miller?

3) よろしいでしょうか

よろしいでしょうかis a polite equivalent of いいですか.



What would you like to drink?

Coffee, please.


May I have one of these pamphlets.

The above is all knowledge about Vocabulary and Grammar of Minna no Nihongo lesson 50. To see other lessons, please click here.

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