Minna no Nihongo lesson 47 – All vocabulary and grammar with explanation

Minna no Nihongo Lesson 47 will introduce you to 39 new words and 3 new grammar structures of Japanese

Vocabulary and grammar of Minna no Nihongo lesson 47

  • Part 1: Vocabulary
  • Part 2: Grammar

Part 1: Vocabulary

Listed below are 39 new words that appear in lesson 47. Let’s review these words before learning grammar.

NO WORD KANJI MEANING
1 あつまります[ひとが~] 集まります[人が~] (people) gather
2 わかれます[ひとが~] 別れます[人が~] (people) part, separate
3 ながいきします 長生きします live long
4 します

[おと/こえが~]

[あじが~]

[においが~]

 

[音/声が~]

[味が~]

 

 

(song/voice) be heard

taste

smell

 

5 さします[かさを~] [傘を~] put up (an umbrella)
6 ひどい terrible, severe
7 こわい 怖い frightening, horrible
8 てんきよほう 天気予報 weather forecast
9 はっぴょう 発表 announcement, presentation
10 じっけん 実験 experiment
11 じんこう 人口 population
12 におい smell
13 かがく 科学 science
14 いがく 医学 medicine, medical science
15 ぶんがく 文学 literature
16 パトカー patrol car
17 きゅうきゅうしゃ 救急車 ambulance
18 さんせい 賛成 approval, agreement
19 はんたい 反対 objection, opposition
20 だんせい 男性 male, man
21 じょせい 女性 female, woman
22 どうも it appears that (used when making a tentative judgement)
23 ~によると according to ~ (indicate the source of information)
24 バリ[とう] [島] Bali (island) (in Indonesia)
25 イラン Iran
26 カリフォルニア California (in the USA)
27 グアム Guam
28 こいびと 恋人 sweetheart, girlfriend, boyfriend
29 こんやくします 婚約します get engaged
30 あいて 相手 the other person
31 しりあいます 知り合います get acquainted
32 へいきんじゅみょう 平均寿命 average lifespan
33 くらべます[だんせいと~] 比べます[男性と~] compare (with men)
34 はかせ 博士 doctor
35 のう brain
36 ホルモン hormone
37 けしょうひん 化粧品 cosmetics
38 しらべ 調べ survey, research
39 けしょう[~をします] 化粧 makeup (put on makeup)

 

Part 2: Grammar

  1. Plain form そうです

    I hear that …

This is an expression for conveying information you have obtained from another source without adding your own point of view. When the source of information is given, it is indicated by~によると (according to), placed at the beginning of the sentence.

天気予報によると、あしたは寒くなるそうです。

According to the weather forecast, it will be cold tomorrow.

クララさんは子どものとき、フランスに住んでいたそうです。

I heard that Klara lived in France when she was a child.

バリ島はとてもきれいだそうです。

I hear that Bali is very beautiful.

[Note 1] Note that this expression is different in meaning and construction from ~そうですused for describing an apparent state that you learned in Lesson 43. Compare the following the sentences.

雨が降りそうです。                                    It looks like rain.

雨が降るそうです。                                    I heard that it will rain.

この料理はおいしそうです。                    This food looks delicious.

この料理はおいしいそうです。                I heard that this food is delicious.

[Note 2] The difference between ~そうです(expression of hearsay) and ~といっていました.

ミラーさんはあした京都へ行くそうです。(*)

I hear that Mr. Miller is going to Kyoto tomorrow.

ミラーさんはあした京都へ行くと言っていました。(**)

Mr. Miller said that he is going to Kyoto tomorrow.

In example (**) the information source is Mr. Miller himself, while in example (*) it is highly possible that the information source is not necessarily Mr. Miller but somebody else. Another difference is that in example (**) the words which Mr. Miller said can be quoted directly or indirectly. In example (*) on the other hand, only the plain form may be used.

  1. Plain formようです 

-adj:~だ  → ~な

N :~だ  → ~の

It seems that …

~ようですconveys the speaker’s subjective conjecture, which is based on the information obtained through his/her sensory organs.

A sentence that ends in ようですsometimes accompaniesどうも which suggests the speaker cannot be certain if what he/she is saying is a fact.

人が大勢集まっていますね。

事故のようです。パトカーと救急車が来ていますよ。

Look, there is a big crowd.

It looks like there’s been an accident. A patrol car and an ambulance are there.

せきも出るし、頭も痛い。どうもかぜをひいたようだ。

I have a cough and a headache. It looks like I’ve caught a cold.

[Note] The difference between ~そうですand ~ようです.

ミラーさんは忙しそうです。(i)

Mr. Miller seems to be busy.

ミラーさんは忙しいようです。(ii)

It seems that Mr. Miller is busy.

Examples (i) indicates an intuitive judgement based on what the speaker has seen of Mr. Miller’s condition or behavior, and example (ii) indicates the speaker’s judgement based on what he has read, heard or been told.

  1. 声/音/におい/味がします

変な音がしますね。

There’s a strange sound, isn’t there?

A phenomenon that is perceivable by the senses is described by using ~がします. Expressions in this category are こえがします, においがします, and あじがします. All these expressions mean that these things have been perceived or sensed regardless of the speaker’s intention.

The above is all knowledge about Vocabulary and Grammar of Minna no Nihongo lesson 47. To see other lessons, please click here.

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