Minna no Nihongo lesson 44 – All vocabulary and grammar with explanation

Minna no Nihongo Lesson 44 will introduce you to 41 new words and 5 new grammar structures of Japanese

Vocabulary and grammar of Minna no Nihongo lesson 44

  • Part 1: Vocabulary
  • Part 2: Grammar

Part 1: Vocabulary

Listed below are 41 new words that appear in lesson 44. Let’s review these words before learning grammar.

1 なきます 泣きます cry
2 わらいます 笑います laugh, smile
3 かわきます 乾きます dry
4 ぬれます 濡れます get wet
5 すべります 滑ります slip
6 おきます[じこが~] 起きます[事故が~] (an accident) happen
7 ちょうせつします 調節します adjust
8 あんぜん[な] 安全[な] safe
9 ていねい[な] 丁寧[な] polite, courteous, careful
10 こまかい 細かい small, fine
11 こい 濃い strong (taste), dark (color)
12 うすい 薄い weak (taste), light (color)
13 くうき 空気 air
14 なみだ tear
15 わしょく 和食 Japanese dish
16 ようしょく 洋食 Western dish
17 おかず side dish
18 りょう quantity
19 ~ばい ~倍 times
20 はんぶん 半分 half
21 シングル single room
22 ツイン twin-bedded room
23 たんす chest of drawers
24 せんたくもの 洗濯物 washing, laundry
25 りゆう 理由 reason
26 どうなさいますか What can I do for you?
27 カット haircut
28 シャンプー shampoo
29 どういうふうになさいますか How would you like it done?
30 ショート short
31 ~みたいにしてください Do it like ~
32 これでよろしいでしょうか Would this be all right?
33 [どうも]おつかれさまでした Thank you for being patient
34 いやがります 嫌がります dislike
35 また and
36 じゅんじょ 順序 order
37 ひょうげん 表現 expression
38 たとえば 例えば for example
39 わかれます 別れます part, separate
40 これら these things
41 えんぎがわるい 縁起が悪い unlucky, ill-omened


Part 2: Grammar


-adj ()

-adj []



~すぎますindicates that the degree of an action or a state is excessive. Therefore, it is usually used with reference to undesirable states.


I drank too much last night.


This sweater is too large (for me).

~すぎますis classified as Group II verb and therefore conjugates in the same way.

e.g., のみすぎる、のみすぎ(ない)、のみすぎた


The handling of recent cars is so easy that driving them is not so enjoyable for me.


No matter how much you like it, drinking too much is bad for your health.





1) These phrases depict the easiness or difficulty in handling or doing something.


This personal computer is easy to use.


Living in Tokyo is difficult.

2) These phrases depict the easiness or difficulty in the characteristics of an object or a person changing or in the likelihood of something happening.


A white shirt gets dirty easily.


Things won’t dry easily on a rainy day.

[Note]~やすいです and ~にくいですfunction as い-adjectives and conjugates in the same way as other い-adjectives do.


If you add some sugar to this medicine, it will be easier to take.


This glass won’t break easily, so it is safe.

-adj () → ~く

-adj [] → ~に




While ~く/~になりますthat you learned in Lesson 19 indicates that something “turns into” a certain state,~く/ ~にします, as shown in the sentences below, indicates that somebody “turns” something into a certain state.


I will turn up the volume.


I will clean my room.


I reduced the amount of salt by half.

  1. Nにします

Nにしますexpresses selection and/or decision.


Would you like a single room or a twin room?


I will set the meeting for tomorrow.

-adj () → ~く

-adj [] → ~に



When changing adjectives into the forms written above, they function as adverbs.


Please cut the vegetables into small pieces.


Let’s conserve electricity and water.

The above is all knowledge about Vocabulary and Grammar of Minna no Nihongo lesson 44. To see other lessons, please click here.

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *