Minna no Nihongo lesson 42 – All vocabulary and grammar with explanation

Minna no Nihongo Lesson 42 will introduce you to 51 new words and 4 new grammar structures of Japanese

Vocabulary and grammar of Minna no Nihongo lesson 42

  • Part 1: Vocabulary
  • Part 2: Grammar

Part 1: Vocabulary

Listed below are 51 new words that appear in lesson 42. Let’s review these words before learning grammar.

1 つつみます 包みます wrap
2 わかします 沸かします boil
3 まぜます 混ぜます mix
4 けいさんします 計算します calculate
5 あつい 厚い thick
6 うすい 薄い thin
7 べんごし 弁護士 lawyer, attorney
8 おんがくか 音楽家 musician
9 ふたり 二人 couple
10 きょういく 教育 education
11 れきし 歴史 history
12 ぶんか 文化 culture
13 しゃかい 社会 society
14 ほうりつ 法律 law
15 せんそう 戦争 war
16 へいわ 平和 peace
17 もくてき 目的 purpose
18 あんぜん 安全 safety
19 ろんぶん 論文 thesis, academic paper
20 かんけい 関係 relation, connection
21 ミキサー mixer, blender
22 やかん kettle
23 せんねき 栓抜き cap opener
24 かんきり 缶切り can opener
25 かんづめ 缶詰 canned food, tinned food
26 ふろしき wrapping cloth used to carry things
27 そろばん abacus
28 たいおんけい 体温計 (clinical) thermometer
29 ざいりょう 材料 material, ingredient
30 いし stone
31 ピラミッド pyramid
32 データ date
33 ファイル file
34 こくれん 国連 United Nations
35 エリーゼのために For Elise
36 ベートーベン Ludwig van Beethoven, German composer (1770-1827)
37 ポーランド Poland
38 ローン loan
39 セット set
40 あと the amount left unused, the rest
41 カップラーメン instant Chinese noodles sold in a ready-to-use disposable container
42 インスタントラーメン instant Chinese noodles
43 なべ pan, pot
44 どんぶり porcelain bowl, bowl of rice with food on top
45 しょくひん 食品 food
46 ちょうさ 調査 investigation, survey
47 カップ cup
48 また and
49 ~のかわりに ~の代わりに in place of ~, instead of ~
50 どこでも in any place
51 いまでは 今では now


Part 2: Grammar

V dictionary form



in order to V
for N


This sentence pattern indicates a purpose.


I am saving money in order to have my own shop.


I will rent a car for the move.

N のためにis also used to mean “for the benefit of N”.


For my health, I jog every morning.


I will build a house for my family.

[Note 1] ~ように, which you learned in Lesson 36, is also used to express a purpose. ~ようにis used with verbs that do not contain volition, while ~ためにis used with verbs that do. Compare the two sentences below.



I am saving money in order to be able to have my own shop.

(*) means that one has intentionally set up the objective of ‘having a shop” and “is saving” money to attain that objective, while (**) means one’s objective is a state in which “a shop may be gained” and one “is saving money” in order to get closer to that state.

[Note 2] なりますindicates either volition or non-volition.


I study law in order to become a lawyer.


I study every day so that my Japanese may improve.

V dictionary form




As you learned in Lesson 38, V dictionary form のcan be used as a noun phrase. V dictionary form のにand N にare followed by such expressions as つかう, いい, べんりだ, やくにたつ, [じかんが]かかる, etc., and indicate a purpose.


This pair of scissors is used to cut flowers.


This bag is big and convenient for trips.


It took a lot of time to find the telephone number.

[Note] Different ways of expressing purpose.

Let us summarize the expressions for indicating purpose that you have learned so far.

V ます-form




I’ll go to Kobe to look at the ships.


I came to Japan to study economics.

V dictionary form (non-volitional expression)


ように、 (volitional expression)


I will mail this by special delivery so that it can get there earlier.


I make a note so that I don’t forget.

V dictionary form (volitional expression)


ために、 (volitional expression)


I study as hard as possible in order to enter university.


I eat a lot of vegetables for my health.

V dictionary form





Files are used to put paper in order.


There are no stores nearby, so it is inconvenient for shopping.

  1. Quantifier

When attached to a quantifier, the particle はindicates the minimum amount that the speaker estimates is required or necessary.


In Japan you need at least 2 million yen to hold a wedding.

  1. Quantifier

When attached to a quantifier, the particle indicates that the speaker thinks that the amount mentioned is a lot.


It took as long as two hours to get to the station.


You need as much as 30 million yen to build a house?

The above is all knowledge about Vocabulary and Grammar of Minna no Nihongo lesson 42. To see other lessons, please click here.

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