Minna no Nihongo lesson 41 – All vocabulary and grammar with explanation

Minna no Nihongo Lesson 41 will introduce you to 54 new words and 4 new grammar structures of Japanese

Vocabulary and grammar of Minna no Nihongo lesson 41

  • Part 1: Vocabulary
  • Part 2: Grammar

Part 1: Vocabulary

Listed below are 54 new words that appear in lesson 41. Let’s review these words before learning grammar.

1 いただきます receive (humble equivalent ofもらいます)
2 くださいます give (respectful equivalent ofくれます)
3 やります give (to a younger person or subordinate)
4 よびます 呼びます invite
5 とりかえます 取り替えます exchange
6 しんせつにします 親切にします be kind to
7 かわいい lovely, cute
8 おいわい お祝い celebration, gift
9 おとしだま お年玉 money given as New Year’s gift
10 [お]みまい [お]見舞い expression of sympathy, consolatory gift to a sick person
11 きょうみ 興味 interest
12 じょうほう 情報 information
13 ぶんぽう 文法 grammar
14 はつおん 発音 pronunciation
15 さる ape, monkey
16 えさ feed, bait
17 おもちゃ toy
18 えほん 絵本 picture book
19 えはがき 絵はがき picture postcard
20 ドライバー screwdriver
21 ハンカチ handkerchief
22 くつした 靴下 socks, stockings
23 てぶくろ 手袋 gloves
24 ゆびわ 指輪 ring
25 バッグ bag
26 そふ 祖父 (my) grandfather
27 そぼ 祖母 (my) grandmother
28 まご grandchild
29 おじ (my) uncle
30 おじさん (someone else’s) uncle
31 おば (my) aunt
32 おばさん (someone else’s) aunt
33 おととし the year before last
34 はあ yes, I see
35 もうしわけありません 申し訳ありません I’m sorry / Excuse me
36 あずかります 預かります keep, receive (a thing) in trust
37 せんじつ 先日 the other day
38 たすかります 助かります be of help
39 むかしばなし 昔話 old tale, folklore
40 ある~ a certain ~, one ~
41 おとこ man
42 こどもたち 子どもたち children
43 いじめます bully, abuse, ill-treat
44 かめ turtle, tortoise
45 たすけます 助けます save, help
46 [お]しろ [お]城 castle
47 おひめさま お姫様 princess
48 たのしく 楽しく happily, merrily
49 くらします 暮らします live, lead a life
50 りく land, shore
51 すると and, then
52 けむり smoke
53 まっしろ[な] 真っ白[な] pure white
54 なかみ 中身 content


Part 2: Grammar

  1. Expressions for giving and receiving

In Lesson 7 and 24, you learned expressions for the giving and receiving of things and actions. In this lesson, you will learn other expressions for giving and receiving things and actions, but these reflect the relationship between the giver and the receiver.

1) N1に N2をやります

When the receiver is a person of lower status or an animal or plant, やりますis normally used. However, when the receiver is a person, あげますis often preferred in current Japanese.


I gave some sweets to my son.


I gave some food to the dog.

[Note] さしあげますis used when the speaker wants to show particular deference to the receiver.

2) N1に N2 をいただきます

When the speaker receives a thing from a person of higher social status, いただきますis used instead of もらいます.


I received a souvenir from the manager.

3) [わたし]にNをくださいます

When a person of higher social status gives the speaker something, くださいますis used instead of くれます.


The manager gave me a souvenir.

くださいますis also used when the receiver is a member of the speaker’s family.


The manager gave a souvenir to my daughter.

  1. Giving and receiving of actions

やります, いただきます, and くださいますare also used in expressing the giving and receiving of actions. Examples are shown below.

1) Vて-formやります


I made a paper plan for my son.


I took my dog for a walk.


I checked my daughter’s homework.

[Note] Like ~てあげます, which you learned in Lesson 24, ~てさしあげますmay leave an impression of arrogance. So, it is advisable not to use these expressions directly to a person of higher social status.

2) Vて-form いただきます


I had my letter corrected by section chief.

3) Vて-formくださいます


The manager’s wife taught me the tea ceremony.


The manager took me to the station.


The manager corrected my report.

  1. V-formくださいませんか

~てくださいませんかis a polite expression of request, although it is less polite than~ていただけませんか in Lesson 26.


Will you kindly show me how to use the photocopier?


Would you kindly show me how to use the photocopier?

  1. N V

The particleに means “as a token of” or “in memory of”.


Mr. Tanaka gave this plate as my wedding gift.


I bought a doll as a souvenir of the trip to Hokkaido.

The above is all knowledge about Vocabulary and Grammar of Minna no Nihongo lesson 41. To see other lessons, please click here.

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