Minna no Nihongo lesson 34 – All vocabulary and grammar with explanation

Minna no Nihongo Lesson 34 will introduce you to 52 new words and 4 new grammar structures of Japanese

Vocabulary and grammar of Minna no Nihongo lesson 34

  • Part 1: Vocabulary
  • Part 2: Grammar

Part 1: Vocabulary

Listed below are 52 new words that appear in lesson 34. Let’s review these words before learning grammar.

1 みがきます[はを~] 磨きます[歯を~] brush (one’s teeth), polish
2 くみたてます 組み立てます assemble
3 おります 折ります bend, fold, break, snap
4 きがつきます[わすれものに~] 気がつきます[忘れ物に~] notice, become aware of (things left behind)
5 つけます[しょうゆを~] put (in soy sauce)
6 みつかります[かぎが~] 見つかります (a key) be found
7 します[ネクタイを~] put on, wear (a tie)
8 しつもんします 質問します ask a question
9 ほそい 細い thin (of small diameter)
10 ふとい 太い thick (of large diameter)
11 ぼんおどり 盆踊り Bon Festival dance
12 スポーツクラブ sports club
13 かぐ 家具 furniture
14 キー key
15 シートベルト seat belt
16 せつめいしょ 説明書 explanatory pamphlet, instruction book
17 figure, drawing
18 せん line
19 やじるし 矢印 arrow (sign)
20 くろ black (noun)
21 しろ white (noun)
22 あか red (noun)
23 あお blue (noun)
24 こん navy blue, dark blue (noun)
25 きいろ 黄色 yellow (noun)
26 ちゃいろ 茶色 brown (noun)
27 しょうゆ soy sauce
28 ソース sauce
29 ~か~ ~ or ~
30 ゆうべ last night
31 さっき a short while ago
32 さどう 茶道 tea ceremony
33 おちゃをたてます お茶をたてます make green tea
34 さきに 先に first (when doing something before something else)
35 のせます 載せます place on, load onto
36 これでいいですか Is this all right?
37 にがい 苦い bitter
38 おやこどんぶり 親子どんぶり a bowl of cooked rice with chicken and egg
39 ざいりょう 材料 material, ingredient
40 ~ぶん ~分 portion for ~ (used for indicating quantity)
41 とりにく 鳥肉 chicken
42 ~グラム ~ gram
43 ~こ ~個 (counter for small objects)
44 たまねぎ onion
45 よんぶんのいち 4分の1 one fourth
46 ちょうみりょう 調味料 seasoning, flavoring
47 なべ pan, pot
48 fire, heating
49 ひにかけます 火にかけます put on the stove
50 にます 煮ます cook, boil
51 にえます 煮えます be cooked, be boiled
52 どんぶり porcelain bowl, bowl of rice with food on top


Part 2: Grammar

  1. V1 dictionary form / V1-form / N +とおりに、V2

1) V1とおりに、V2

This means to copy exactly in words or actions (V2) what one has heard, seen, read or learnt, etc. (V1).


Please do as I do.


Please write down what I say as it is.


Please tell us what you saw as it was.

The dictionary form is used when the action denoted by V1 is going to be done from now, and the た-form is used when the action denoted by V1 has already been done.

2) Nのとおりに、 V

This means that an action (V) is done in accordance with the manner shown by the preceding phrase.


Please cut the paper following the line.


I assembled it according to the handbook.

  1. V1た-form / Nの + あとで、V2

This sentence pattern means the action or occurrence denoted by V2 takes place after the action or occurrence denoted by V1 or N has taken place.


After I bought a new watch, I found the one I’d lost.


Shall we go and have a drink after work?

Compared with Vて-formから, which has a similar meaning, Vた-form あとでemphasizes the time context in which the respective events happen.

  1. V1て-form / V1ない-formないで + V2

V1 is an action or condition which accompanies the action denoted by V2.


We eat it with soy sauce.


We eat it without soy sauce.

  1. V1ない-form ないで + V2

This pattern is used when the speaker indicates a course of action taken out of two alternative possibilities presented.


Next Sunday I won’t go anywhere. I will rest at home instead.

The above is all knowledge about Vocabulary and Grammar of Minna no Nihongo lesson 34. To see other lessons, please click here.


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