Minna no Nihongo lesson 2 – All vocabulary and grammar with explanation

Minna no Nihongo Lesson 2 will introduce you to 47 new words and 6 new grammar structures of Japanese

Vocabulary and grammar of Minna no Nihongo lesson 2

  • Part 1: Vocabulary
  • Part 2: Grammar

Part 1: Vocabulary 

Listed below are 47 new words that appear in lesson 2. Let’s review these words before learning grammar.

1 これ this (thing here)
2 それ that (thing near you)
3 あれ that (thing over there)
4 この this∼, this∼here
5 その that∼, that∼near you
6 あの that∼, that∼over there
7 ほん book
8 じしょ 辞書 dictionary
9 ざっし 雑誌 magazine
10 しんぶん 新聞 newspaper
11 ノート notebook
12 てちょう 手帳 pocket notebook
13 めいし 名詞 business card
14 カード card
15 テレホンカード telephone card
16 えんぴつ 鉛筆 pencil
17 ボールペン ballpoint pen
18 シャープペンシル mechanical pencil, propelling pencil
19 かぎ key
20 とけい 時計 watch, clock
21 かさ umbrella
22 かばん bag, briefcase
23 [カセット] テーブ [cassette] tape
24 テープレコーダー tape recorder
25 テレビ television
26 ラジオ radio
27 カメラ camera
28 コンピュータ computer
29 じどうしゃ 自動車 automobile, car
30 つくえ desk
31 いす chair
32 チョコレート chocolate
33 コーヒー coffee
34 えいご 英語 the English language
35 にほんご 日本語 the Japanese language
36 ∼ご ∼語 ∼language
37 なん what
38 そう so
39 ちがいます。 違います。 No, it isn’t./ You are wrong.
40 そうですか。 I see./ Is that so?
41 あのう well (used to show hesitation)
42 ほんのきもちです ほんの気持ちです It’s nothing./It’s a token of my gratitude.
43 どうぞ Please./ Here you are. (used when offering someone something)
44 どうも Well, thanks.
45 [どうも] ありがとう[ございます] Thank you [very much].
 46 これから おせわになります これから お世話になります I hope for your kind assistance hereafter.
47 こちらこそ よろしく I am pleased to meet you. (response to どうぞよろしく)


Part 2: Grammar

1. これ /  それ / あれ

これ, それ and あれ are demonstratives.

They work as nouns. これ refers to a thing  near the listener. それ refers to a thing near the listener.  あれ refers to a thing  far from the speaker and listener. https://piedmontmastergardeners.org/

それは 辞書ですか。

Is that a dictionary?


I’ll take this. (lit. Please give this to me.)(L.3)

2. この N / その N / あの N

これ, それ and あれ modify nouns. “この N” refers to a thing  or a person near the speaker. “その N” refers to a thing  or a person near the listener. “あの N” refers to a thing  or a person far from both are speaker and the listener.

この本は わたしのです。

This book is mine.

あの方は どなたですか。

Who is that [person]?

3. そうです / そうじゃありません

In the case of a noun sentence, the word そう is often used to answer a question requiring an affirmative or negative  answer. はい、そうです is the affirmative  answer and いいえ、そうじゃありません is the negative answer.

それは テレホンカードですか。

Is that a telephone card?


… Yes, it is (lit. Yes, it’s so)

それは テレホンカードですか。

Is that a telephone card?


… No. it isn’t.

4. S1 か、S2

This is a question asking the listener to choose between alternatives, S1 and S2, for the answer to this type of question, the chosen sentence is stated. Neither はい nor いいえ is used.

これは 「9」ですか、「7」ですか。

Is this a “9” or a “7”?


…It’s a “9”.

5. N1 の N2

You learned in Lesson 1 that の is used to connect two nouns when N1 modified N2. In Lesson 2 you learned two other uses of this の.

1) N1 explains what N2 is about.

これは コンピュータの本( ほん)です。

This is a book on computer.

2) N1 explains who owns N2.

これは わたしの本です。

This is my book.

N2  is sometimes omitted when it is obvious. When N2 means a person, however, you can not omit it.

あれは だれの かばんですか。

Whose bag is that?


…It’s Ms.Sato’s.

この かばんは あなたのですか。

Is this bag yours?


… No, it’s not mine.

ミラーさんは IMC の 社員せすか。

Is Mr.Miller an employee of IMC?

…はい、IMC の 社員です。

…Yes, he is.


This expression is used when the speaker receives  new information and shows that he or she understands it.

この 傘 (かさ) は あなたのですか。

…いいえ、違います (ちがいます)。シュミットさんのです。


Is this umbrella yours?

… No, it’s Mr.Schmidt’s.

I see.

The above is all knowledge about Vocabulary and Grammar of Minna no Nihongo lesson 2. To see other lessons, please click here.





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