Minna no Nihongo lesson 17 – All vocabulary and grammar with explanation

Minna no Nihongo Lesson 17 will introduce you to 38 new words and 6 new grammar structures of Japanese

Vocabulary and grammar of Minna no Nihongo lesson 17

  • Part 1: Vocabulary
  • Part 2: Grammar

Part 1: Vocabulary

Listed below are 38 new words that appear in lesson 17. Let’s review these words before learning grammar.

1 おぼえます 覚えます memorize
2 わすれます 忘れます forget
3 なくします lose
4 だします[レポートを~] 出します hand in (a report)
5 はらいます 払います pay
6 かえします 返します give back, return
7 でかけます 出かけます go out
8 ぬぎます 脱ぎます take off (clothes, shoes, etc.)
9 もっていきます 持って行きます take (something)
10 もってきます 持って来ます bring (something)
11 しんぱいします 心配します worry
12 ざんぎょうします 残業します work overtime
13 しゅっちょうします 出張します go on a business trip
14 のみます[くすりを~] 飲みます[薬を~] take (medicine)
15 はいります[おふろに~] 入ります take (a bath)
16 たいせつ[な] 大切[な] important, precious
17 だいじょうぶ[な] 大丈夫[な] all right
18 あぶない 危ない dangerous
19 もんだい 問題 question, problem, trouble
20 こたえ 答え answer
21 きんえん 禁煙 no smoking
22 [けんこう]ほけんしょう [健康]保険証 (health) insurance card
23 かぜ cold, flu
24 ねつ fever
25 びょうき 病気 illness, disease
26 くすり medicine
27 [お]ふろ bath
28 うわぎ 上着 jacket, outwear
29 したぎ 下着 underwear
30 せんせい 先生 doctor (used when addressing a medical doctor)
31 2,3にち 2,3日 a few days
32 2,3~ 2,3~ a few ~ (~is a counter suffix)
33 ~までに before ~, by ~ (indicating time limit)
34 ですから therefore, so
35 どうしましたか What’s the matter?
36 [~が]いたいです [~が]痛いです (I) have a pain (in my ~)
37 のど throat
38 おだいじに お大事に Take care of yourself (said to people who are ill)


Part 2: Grammar

  1. Vない-form

The verb form used withない is called the ない-form; that is to say, かかof かかないis the ない-form of かきます(write). How to make the ない-form is given below.

1) Group I

In the verbs of this group the last sound of the ます-form is always the sound in the い-line. So, replace it with the sound of the あ-line to make a ない-form. The exceptions to this rule are such verbs as かいます, あいます, etc. (わis the last sound of the ない-form in the verbs instead of あ).

かき – ます → かか – ない                   いそぎ – ます → いそが – ない

よみ – ます → よま – ない                   あそび – ます → あそば – ない

とり – ます → とら – ない                   まち – ます  → また – ない

すい – ます → すわ – ない                   はなし – ます → はなさ – ない

2) Group II

The ない-form of verbs of this group is just the same as the ます-form.

たべ – ます  →  たべ – ない

み – ます   →   み – ない

3) Group III

The ない-form ofします is the same as the ます-form. きます becomes こ(ない).

べんきょうし – ます   →       べんきょうし – ない

し – ます    →                           し – ない

き – ます    →                           こ – ない

  1. Vない-form ないでください

Please don’t …

This expression is used to ask or instruct someone not to do something.


I am fine, so please don’t worry about me.


Please don’t take pictures here.

  1. Vない-formなければなりません

must …

This expression means something has to be done regardless of the will of the actor. Note that this doesn’t have a negative meaning.


I must take medicine.

  1. Vない-form なくてもいいです

need not …

This sentence pattern indicates that the action described by the verb does not have to be done.


You don’t have to come tomorrow.

  1. N (object)

You learned in Lesson 6 that the particleを is attached to the direct object of verbs. Here you learn that the object is made a topic by replacingを with は.


Please don’t put parcels here.


As for parcels, don’t put them here.


I have lunch in the company cafeteria.


As for lunch, I have it in the company cafeteria.

  1. N (time) までにV

The point in time indicated by までにis the time limit by which an action is to be done.


The meeting will be over by five.


I must return the book by Saturday.

[Note] Make sure you do not confuse までにwith the particle まで.


I work until five.

The above is all knowledge about Vocabulary and Grammar of Minna no Nihongo lesson 17. To see other lessons, please click here.


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