Minna no Nihongo lesson 11 – All vocabulary and grammar with explanation

Minna no Nihongo Lesson 11 will introduce you to 46 new words and 3 new grammar structures of Japanese

Vocabulary and grammar of Minna no Nihongo lesson 11

  • Part 1: Vocabulary
  • Part 2: Grammar

Part 1: Vocabulary

Listed below are 63 new words that appear in lesson 11. Let’s review these words before learning grammar.

No WORD KANJI MEANING
1 やすみます 休みます Take a day off
2 かかります かかります Take ( referring to time or money)
3 [にほんにいます] 日本にいます Stay, be ( in Japan)
4 います  います Have
5 ひとつ 一つ One ( Used when counting things)
6 ふたつ 二つ two
7 みっつ 三つ three
8 よっつ 四つ four
9 いつつ 五つ five
10 むっつ 六つ six
11 ななつ 七つ seven
12 やっつ 八つ eight
13 ここのつ 九つ nine
14 とお とお ten
15 いくつ いくつ How many
16 ひとり 一人 One person
17 ふたり 二人 two person
18 ~にん ~人 ~people
19 ~だい ~だい ~Counter for machines , cars, etc.)
20 ~まい ~まい ~Counters for paper, stamps, etc.)
21 ~かい ~かい ~Times
22 りんご りんご Apple
23 みかん みかん Mandarin Orange
24 サンドイッチ sandwich
25 カレー(ライス) Curry ( and rice )
26 アイスクリーム Ice cream
27 きって 切手 Postage Stamp
28 はがき 葉書 Post card
29 ふうとう 封筒 Envelope
30 そくたつ 速達 Special delivery
31 かきとめ 書留 Registered mail
32 エアメール Airmail
33 ふなびん 船便 Sea mail
34 りょうしん 両親 Parents
35 きょうだい 兄弟 Brothers and sisters
36 あに (my) elder brother
37 おにいさん お兄さん (someone else’s) elder brother
38 あね (my) elder sister
39 おねえさん お姉さん (someone else’s) elder sister
40 おとうと (my) younger brother
41 おとうとさん 弟さん (someone else’s) younger brother
42 いもうと (my) younger sister
43 いもうとさん 妹さん (someone else’s) younger sister
44 がいこく 外国 Foreign country
45 ~じかん <~時間 ~Hours
46 ~しゅうかん <~週間> ~Weeks
47 ~かげつ <~ヶ月> ~Months
48 ~ねん <~年> ~Years
49 ~ぐらい About~
50 どのくらい How long
51 ぜんぶで 全部で In total
52 みんな みんな All, everything
53 ~だけ ~Only
54 いらっしゃいませ Welcome/ May I help you?( A greeting to a customer or a guest entering a shop, etc)
55 いい (お)てんきですね いいお天気ですね Nice weather, isn’t it?
56 おでかけですか お出かけですか Are you going out?
57 ちょっと ~まで I’m just going to~
58 いってらっしゃい So long. ( Go and come back)
59 いって いらっしゃい So long. ( I’m going and coming back)
60 いって まいります So long. ( I’m going and coming back)
61 いってきます I’m going
62 それから And, further more
63 オーストラリア Australia

Part 2: Grammar

  1. Saying numbers1) ひとつ、ふたつ、。。。とお。These words are usesd to count things up to ten. Eleven and higher are counted by using the numbers themseves.2) Counter SuffixesWhen counting some sorts of things or expressing the quantity of things, counter suffixes are attached after the numbers.

  2. 一人 number of people except for one and two (ひとりandふたり are used for one and two. 4人 is readよにん

  3. 一枚 Number of thin or flat things such as paper, dishes, shirts, CDS, etc

  4. 一台 number of machines or vehicles likes cars and bicycles.

  5. 一回 times

  6. 一分 minutes

  7. 一時間 hours

  8. 一か月 weeks

  9. 一年 years

  10. 一日 Days. The number of days takes the counter suffix にち. Howerver, from two to ten , the same words as used for dated are used. (“One day” is 1 にち、”two days” is ふつか,..)

Details and other counter suffixes are listed in the appendices.

3)Usage

Quantifiers ( numbers with counter suffixes) are usually put before the verbs they midify. However, this is not always the case with length of time.りんごを4つ買いました。 We bought four apples.

外国人の学生が2人います。There are two foreign students

国で2か月日本語を勉強しました。I studied Japanese for two months in my country.

4) Interrogatives

1)いくつ is used to ask how many about things which are counted as ひとつ、ふたつ…

みかんをいくつ買いましたか。

8つ買いました。

How many mandarin oranges did you buy?

I bought eight

2) なん is used with a counter suffix to ask how many.

この会社に外国人が何人いますか?

5人います

How many foreigners are there in this company?

There are five.

毎晩何時間日本語を勉強しますか

2時間勉強します。

How many hours do you study Japanese every night.

Two hours.

3) どのくらい is used to ask the lenght of time something takes. You can use various units of time in the answer.

どのくらい日本語を勉強しますか

3年勉強しました。

How long did you study Japanese?

I studied it for three years.

大阪から東京までどのくらいかかりますか

新幹線で2時間半かかります。

How long does it take from Osaka to Tokyo?

It takes two and a half hours by Shinkansen.

5) ぐらい

ぐらい is added after quantifiers to mean ” about “.

学校に先生が30人ぐらいいます。

There are about thirty teachers in our school.

15分ぐらいかかります。

It takes about fifteen minutes.

2. Quantifiers(Period) に 一回 V

With this expression you can how often you do something.

1ヵ月に2回映画を見ます。

I go to see movies twice a month.

3.Quantifier だけ / N だけ

だけ means “only”. It is added after quantifiers or nouns to express that there is no more or nothing ( no one ) else.

パワー電気に外国人の社員が1人だけいます

There is only one foreign employee in Power Electric.

休みは日曜日だけです。

I only have Sundays off.

The above is all knowledge about Vocabulary and Grammar of Minna no Nihongo lesson 11. To see other lessons, please click here.

 

 

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