200+ JLPT N2 Grammar you need to know – How to use and Example

This post will introduce over 200 grammar structures you need to learn before JLPT N2 Exam. The grammar structures will come along with the detailed guideline and example sentences.

Click on each grammar to discover how to use it and some example sentences.

上に (ue ni): As well; besides; in addition to; not only… but alsoつつある (tsutsu aru): To be doing; to be in the process of doing
つつ (tsutsu): While; althoughつもりで (tsumori de): With the intention of doing
としては (toshite wa): As forとしても (toshite mo): Assuming; even if
とも (tomo): Even if; no matterとっくに (tokku ni): Already; long ago
ところをみると (tokoro o miru to): Judging from; seeing that得ない (enai): Unable to; cannot
にわたって (ni watatte): Throughout; over a period ofところに (tokoro ni): At the time
ところだった (tokoro datta): Was just about to do something, something almost happenedと考えられる (to kangaerareru): One can think that…; it is conceivable that…
とか (toka): I heard thatといった (to itta): Such… as
というものでもない/というものではない: There is no guarantee that…; not necessarilyというものだ (to iu mono da): Something like…; something called…
ということは (to iu koto wa): That is to say; so that meansというふうに (to iu fuu ni): In such a way that
と同時に (to douji ni): At the same time as; whileには (niwa): In order to; for
える/うる (eru/uru): Can; is possible途中で/途中に (tochuu ni/tochuu de): On the way; en route; in the middle of; midway
てはならない (tewa naranai): Must not; cannot; should notてはいられない (tewa irarenai): Can’t afford to; unable to
ては (tewa): If, whenて当然だ (te touzen da): Natural; as a matter of course
てたまらない (te tamaranai): Very; extremely; can’t help but doてしょうがない/てしかたがない: Very; extremely; can’t be helped
てならない (te naranai): Very; extremely手前 (temae): Before; in front of; one’s standpoint
につき (ni tsuki): Due to; because of; per; eachてこそ (te koso): Now that; since (something has happened)
どうやら (dou yara): It seems like; it appears that; seeminglyてからでないと (tekara denai to): Unless something is done, something else can’t occur
ていては (te ite wa): If one keeps doing somethingて以来 (te irai): Since
てでも (te demo): Even if i have to; by all meansてばかりはいられない (te bakari wa irarenai): Can’t keep doing something
たところで (ta tokoro de): Even if one does somethingたとえば (tatoeba): For example
たって (tatte): Even if; even though; no matter howにつけ (ni tsuke)
確かに (tashika ni): Surely; certainlyた末/の末 (ta sue/no sue): As a conclusion of
どうせ (douse): Anyway; anyhow; in any case; after allたまえ (tamae): Do (order somebody to do something)
た結果 / の結果 (ta kekka / no kekka): As a result of; after直ちに (tadachi ni): At once; immediately
たあげく (ta ageku): To end up; in the end; finally; after allすなわち (sunawachi): In other words; namely
少しも~ない (sukoshi mo~nai): Not one bit; not even a littleそうすると (sou suru to): Having done that; if that is done; if it is done in that way
に伴って (ni tomonatte): As; due to; with; along with; followingそうにない (sou ni nai): Extremely unlikely to
そういえば (sou ieba): Come to think of it…; now that you mention it…それとも (soretomo): Or; or else
どころではない (dokoro dewa nai): This is not the time/occasion forそれにしても (sore ni shite mo): Nevertheless; at any rate; even so; be that as it may
それなら (sore nara): If that’s the case; if soそれなのに (sore na noni): And yet; despite this; but even so
その上 (sono ue): Besides; in addition; furthermoreしたがって (shitagatte): Therefore; consequently; accordingly
しかも (shikamo): Moreover; furthermore; and yet; what’s moreにて (nite): In, at, with, by
次第だ/次第で (shidai da/shidai de): Depending on; soせめて (semete): At least; at most
せいぜい (seizei): At the most; at best; to the utmostさらに (sara ni): Furthermore; again; more and more
でしかない (de shika nai): Merely; nothing but; no more than幸い (saiwai): Luckily; fortunately
際に (sai ni): At the time; in case ofろくに~ない (roku ni~nai): Not doing something properly
恐れがある (osore ga aru): It is feared that; to be in danger of; to be liable toおそらく (osoraku): Perhaps; likely; probably; i dare say
に過ぎない (ni suginai): No more than; just; merely; onlyおまけに (omake ni): To make matters worse; besides; in addition
を通じて/を通して (o tsuujite / o tooshite): Through; via; throughoutを問わず (o towazu): Regardless of
を除いて (o nozoite): Except; with the exception of; excludingをもとに (o moto ni): Based on; from
(よ)うではないか (you dewa nai ka): Let’s do (something); why don’t weをめぐって (o megutte): Concerning; in regard to
を契機に (o keiki ni): As a good opportunity to; as a result ofをきっかけに (o kikkake ni): With… as a start; as a result of; taking advantage of
に沿って (ni sotte): Along with; in accordance withに相違ない (ni soui nai): Without a doubt; certain; sure
をこめて (o komete): Filled withだけは (dake wa): To do all that one can
にしても~にしても (ni shitemo~ni shitemo): Regardless of whetherにしたら (ni shitara): From one’s perspective; from the point of view of
にしたがって (ni shitagatte): As; therefore; in accordance with; according to; consequentlyにしろ~にしろ (ni shiro~ni shiro): Whether… or…
にしろ/にせよ (ni shiro/ni seyo): Even though; even if; whether… orに先立ち (ni sakidachi): Before; prior to
に際して (ni saishite): On the occasion of; at the time ofに応じて (ni oujite): Depending on; in accordance with
だけのことはある (dake no koto wa aru): No wonder; it’s not surprising thatに向かって (ni mukatte): To face; to go towards; to head to
に加えて (ni kuwaete): In addition toに応えて (ni kotaete): In response to
に越したことはない: It’s best that, there’s nothing better thanに決まっている (ni kimatte iru): Surely, must be, i’m sure/certain that; …must be the case;
にかかわらず (ni kakawarazu): Regardless ofにかかわる (ni kakawaru): To relate to; to have to do with
に向かって (ni mukatte): To face; to go towards; to head toを中心に (o chuushin ni): Focused on; centered on
にもかかわらず (nimo kakawarazu): Despite; in spite of; nevertheless; althoughに基づいて (ni motozuite): Based on; on the basis of
に限る (ni kagiru): Nothing better than; there’s nothing likeだけに (dake ni): Being the case; precisely because; as one would expect
を~とする/を~として (o~to suru/o~to shite): Asに限らず (ni kagirazu): Not just; not only… but also
に限って (ni kagitte): (particularly) when…; onlyにほかならない (ni hoka naranai): Nothing but; none other than
に反して (ni hanshite): Against; contrary to; in contrast toにあたって/にあたり (ni atatte/ni atari): At the time; on the occasion of
ねばならない (neba naranai): Have to do; must; shouldなにも~ない (nani mo~nai): No need to
なくはない (naku wa nai): It’s not that…; can; may beないことには~ない (nai koto niwa~nai): Unless you do something
ないではいられない (nai dewa irarenai): Can’t help but feel; can’t help but doお~願う (o~negau): Please do; could you please…; i ask of you to
だけましだ (dake mashi da): It’s better than…; one should feel grateful forなお (nao): Furthermore; in addition
中を/中では (naka o/naka dewa): In; on; in the midst of; when; whileむしろ (mushiro): Rather; instead; better
もう少しで (mou sukoshi de): Almost; nearly, close toもっとも (motto mo): But then; although; though
ものの (mono no): But; although; even thoughものなら (mono nara): If ~ at all, if one can do something
ものか (mono ka): As ifものがある (mono ga aru): Sentence-ending expression of strong judgement/feeling/emotions
抜く (nuku): To do something to the end; completely, extremelyものではない (mono dewa nai): Shouldn’t do something; it’s impossible to do something
だけでなく (dake de naku): Not only… but alsoものだから (mono dakara): Because; the reason is
もかまわず (mo kamawazu): Without caring; without worrying aboutも~ば~も (mo~ba~mo): And, also, as well, either/or, neither/nor
全く~ない (mattaku~nai): Not… at allまい (mai): Will not; will probably not; intend not to; must not
ことは~が (koto wa~ga): Although; butことにはならない (koto niwa naranai): Just because… doesn’t mean…
ことになっている (koto ni natte iru): To be expected to, to be scheduled to, it has been decided as a rule that抜きで/抜きにして (nuki de/nuki ni shite): Without; leaving out; cutting out; dispensing with
ことなく (koto naku): Without doing something even onceことだから (koto dakara): It is exactly because…; since is’s that (particular person)
だけあって (dake atte): …being the case; (precisely) because; as might be expected fromっこない (kkonai): No chance of; …is definitely not possible
気 (ki): Feel like限り (kagiri): As long as; while… is the case; as far as; while; to the extent; unless
かと思ったら/かと思うと (ka to omottara/ka to omou to): Just when; no sooner thanからといって (kara to itte): Just because
からすると/からすれば (kara suru to/kara sureba): Judging from; considering; by the look ofからして (kara shite): Judging from; based on; since; from; even
のみならず (nominarazu): Not only; besides; as wellからには (kara niwa): Now that; since; so long as; because
からみると (kara miru to): From the point of view of; by the look of; judging fromからこそ (kara koso): Precisely because
ちっとも~ない (chitto mo~nai): (not) at all; (not) in the leastかのように (ka no you ni): As if; just like
かねる (kaneru): Unable to do something; can’t do somethingかねない (kanenai): (someone) might do something, might happen
か何か (ka nanika): Or something甲斐がある (kai ga aru): It’s worth one’s efforts to do something
かえって (kaette): On the contrary; rather; all the more; surprisinglyだって (datte): Because; but; after all; even; too
か~ないうちに (ka~nai uchi ni): Right after; as soon as上 (jou): For the sake of; from the standpoint of; as a matter of; in terms of
いわゆる (iwayuru): So-called, so to speakいきなり (ikinari): Suddenly; all of a sudden
ぶりに (buri ni): For the first time in (period of time)以上に (ijou ni): More than; not less than
以上 (ijou): Because; now that果たして (hatashite): Sure enough; really
反面 (hanmen): While, on the other handいよいよ (iyoiyo): At last; finally
のもとで (no moto de): Under以外 (igai): With the exception of; excepting
逆に (gyaku ni): On the contraryごとに (goto ni): Each; every; at intervals of
げ (ge): Seeming; giving the appearance ofずに済む / なくて済む (zu ni sumu / nakute sumu): Get by without doing…
ざるを得ない (zaru o enai): Cannot help (doing); have no choice but toふうに (fuu ni): This way/that way; in what way/how
ばかり (bakari) – 2: About, approximately要するに (you suru ni): The point is…; in short…; to put it simply
ようがない (you ga nai): There is no way to; it’s impossible toのも当然だ (no mo touzen da): It’s only natural; no wonder; might as well
ようでは (you dewa): Ifよりほかない (yori hoka nai): To have no choice but
やら~やら (yara~yara): Such things as; and… and so onやがて (yagate): Before long; soon; almost; eventually
わずかに (wazuka ni): Slightlyはともかく (wa tomokaku): Whether or not; nevermind; regardless of; not to mention
はべつとして (wa betsu toshite): Aside from; apart from; except for; whether or notふたたび (futatabi): Again; once more
上は (ue wa): Now that; sinceのももっともだ (no mo motto mo da): No wonder; …is only natural
あるいは (aruiwa): Or; possibly

 

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