200+ JLPT N2 Grammar you need to know – How to use and Example

This post will introduce over 200 grammar structures you need to learn before JLPT N2 Exam. The grammar structures will come along with the detailed guideline and example sentences.

Click on each grammar to discover how to use it and some example sentences.

上に (ue ni): As well; besides; in addition to; not only… but also つつある (tsutsu aru): To be doing; to be in the process of doing
つつ (tsutsu): While; although つもりで (tsumori de): With the intention of doing
としては (toshite wa): As for としても (toshite mo): Assuming; even if
とも (tomo): Even if; no matter とっくに (tokku ni): Already; long ago
ところをみると (tokoro o miru to): Judging from; seeing that 得ない (enai): Unable to; cannot
にわたって (ni watatte): Throughout; over a period of ところに (tokoro ni): At the time
ところだった (tokoro datta): Was just about to do something, something almost happened と考えられる (to kangaerareru): One can think that…; it is conceivable that…
とか (toka): I heard that といった (to itta): Such… as
というものでもない/というものではない: There is no guarantee that…; not necessarily というものだ (to iu mono da): Something like…; something called…
ということは (to iu koto wa): That is to say; so that means というふうに (to iu fuu ni): In such a way that
と同時に (to douji ni): At the same time as; while には (niwa): In order to; for
える/うる (eru/uru): Can; is possible 途中で/途中に (tochuu ni/tochuu de): On the way; en route; in the middle of; midway
てはならない (tewa naranai): Must not; cannot; should not てはいられない (tewa irarenai): Can’t afford to; unable to
ては (tewa): If, when て当然だ (te touzen da): Natural; as a matter of course
てたまらない (te tamaranai): Very; extremely; can’t help but do てしょうがない/てしかたがない: Very; extremely; can’t be helped
てならない (te naranai): Very; extremely 手前 (temae): Before; in front of; one’s standpoint
につき (ni tsuki): Due to; because of; per; each てこそ (te koso): Now that; since (something has happened)
どうやら (dou yara): It seems like; it appears that; seemingly てからでないと (tekara denai to): Unless something is done, something else can’t occur
ていては (te ite wa): If one keeps doing something て以来 (te irai): Since
てでも (te demo): Even if i have to; by all means てばかりはいられない (te bakari wa irarenai): Can’t keep doing something
たところで (ta tokoro de): Even if one does something たとえば (tatoeba): For example
たって (tatte): Even if; even though; no matter how につけ (ni tsuke)
確かに (tashika ni): Surely; certainly た末/の末 (ta sue/no sue): As a conclusion of
どうせ (douse): Anyway; anyhow; in any case; after all たまえ (tamae): Do (order somebody to do something)
た結果 / の結果 (ta kekka / no kekka): As a result of; after 直ちに (tadachi ni): At once; immediately
たあげく (ta ageku): To end up; in the end; finally; after all すなわち (sunawachi): In other words; namely
少しも~ない (sukoshi mo~nai): Not one bit; not even a little そうすると (sou suru to): Having done that; if that is done; if it is done in that way
に伴って (ni tomonatte): As; due to; with; along with; following そうにない (sou ni nai): Extremely unlikely to
そういえば (sou ieba): Come to think of it…; now that you mention it… それとも (soretomo): Or; or else
どころではない (dokoro dewa nai): This is not the time/occasion for それにしても (sore ni shite mo): Nevertheless; at any rate; even so; be that as it may
それなら (sore nara): If that’s the case; if so それなのに (sore na noni): And yet; despite this; but even so
その上 (sono ue): Besides; in addition; furthermore したがって (shitagatte): Therefore; consequently; accordingly
しかも (shikamo): Moreover; furthermore; and yet; what’s more にて (nite): In, at, with, by
次第だ/次第で (shidai da/shidai de): Depending on; so せめて (semete): At least; at most
せいぜい (seizei): At the most; at best; to the utmost さらに (sara ni): Furthermore; again; more and more
でしかない (de shika nai): Merely; nothing but; no more than 幸い (saiwai): Luckily; fortunately
際に (sai ni): At the time; in case of ろくに~ない (roku ni~nai): Not doing something properly
恐れがある (osore ga aru): It is feared that; to be in danger of; to be liable to おそらく (osoraku): Perhaps; likely; probably; i dare say
に過ぎない (ni suginai): No more than; just; merely; only おまけに (omake ni): To make matters worse; besides; in addition
を通じて/を通して (o tsuujite / o tooshite): Through; via; throughout を問わず (o towazu): Regardless of
を除いて (o nozoite): Except; with the exception of; excluding をもとに (o moto ni): Based on; from
(よ)うではないか (you dewa nai ka): Let’s do (something); why don’t we をめぐって (o megutte): Concerning; in regard to
を契機に (o keiki ni): As a good opportunity to; as a result of をきっかけに (o kikkake ni): With… as a start; as a result of; taking advantage of
に沿って (ni sotte): Along with; in accordance with に相違ない (ni soui nai): Without a doubt; certain; sure
をこめて (o komete): Filled with だけは (dake wa): To do all that one can
にしても~にしても (ni shitemo~ni shitemo): Regardless of whether にしたら (ni shitara): From one’s perspective; from the point of view of
にしたがって (ni shitagatte): As; therefore; in accordance with; according to; consequently にしろ~にしろ (ni shiro~ni shiro): Whether… or…
にしろ/にせよ (ni shiro/ni seyo): Even though; even if; whether… or に先立ち (ni sakidachi): Before; prior to
に際して (ni saishite): On the occasion of; at the time of に応じて (ni oujite): Depending on; in accordance with
だけのことはある (dake no koto wa aru): No wonder; it’s not surprising that に向かって (ni mukatte): To face; to go towards; to head to
に加えて (ni kuwaete): In addition to に応えて (ni kotaete): In response to
に越したことはない: It’s best that, there’s nothing better than に決まっている (ni kimatte iru): Surely, must be, i’m sure/certain that; …must be the case;
にかかわらず (ni kakawarazu): Regardless of にかかわる (ni kakawaru): To relate to; to have to do with
に向かって (ni mukatte): To face; to go towards; to head to を中心に (o chuushin ni): Focused on; centered on
にもかかわらず (nimo kakawarazu): Despite; in spite of; nevertheless; although に基づいて (ni motozuite): Based on; on the basis of
に限る (ni kagiru): Nothing better than; there’s nothing like だけに (dake ni): Being the case; precisely because; as one would expect
を~とする/を~として (o~to suru/o~to shite): As に限らず (ni kagirazu): Not just; not only… but also
に限って (ni kagitte): (particularly) when…; only にほかならない (ni hoka naranai): Nothing but; none other than
に反して (ni hanshite): Against; contrary to; in contrast to にあたって/にあたり (ni atatte/ni atari): At the time; on the occasion of
ねばならない (neba naranai): Have to do; must; should なにも~ない (nani mo~nai): No need to
なくはない (naku wa nai): It’s not that…; can; may be ないことには~ない (nai koto niwa~nai): Unless you do something
ないではいられない (nai dewa irarenai): Can’t help but feel; can’t help but do お~願う (o~negau): Please do; could you please…; i ask of you to
だけましだ (dake mashi da): It’s better than…; one should feel grateful for なお (nao): Furthermore; in addition
中を/中では (naka o/naka dewa): In; on; in the midst of; when; while むしろ (mushiro): Rather; instead; better
もう少しで (mou sukoshi de): Almost; nearly, close to もっとも (motto mo): But then; although; though
ものの (mono no): But; although; even though ものなら (mono nara): If ~ at all, if one can do something
ものか (mono ka): As if ものがある (mono ga aru): Sentence-ending expression of strong judgement/feeling/emotions
抜く (nuku): To do something to the end; completely, extremely ものではない (mono dewa nai): Shouldn’t do something; it’s impossible to do something
だけでなく (dake de naku): Not only… but also ものだから (mono dakara): Because; the reason is
もかまわず (mo kamawazu): Without caring; without worrying about も~ば~も (mo~ba~mo): And, also, as well, either/or, neither/nor
全く~ない (mattaku~nai): Not… at all まい (mai): Will not; will probably not; intend not to; must not
ことは~が (koto wa~ga): Although; but ことにはならない (koto niwa naranai): Just because… doesn’t mean…
ことになっている (koto ni natte iru): To be expected to, to be scheduled to, it has been decided as a rule that 抜きで/抜きにして (nuki de/nuki ni shite): Without; leaving out; cutting out; dispensing with
ことなく (koto naku): Without doing something even once ことだから (koto dakara): It is exactly because…; since is’s that (particular person)
だけあって (dake atte): …being the case; (precisely) because; as might be expected from っこない (kkonai): No chance of; …is definitely not possible
気 (ki): Feel like 限り (kagiri): As long as; while… is the case; as far as; while; to the extent; unless
かと思ったら/かと思うと (ka to omottara/ka to omou to): Just when; no sooner than からといって (kara to itte): Just because
からすると/からすれば (kara suru to/kara sureba): Judging from; considering; by the look of からして (kara shite): Judging from; based on; since; from; even
のみならず (nominarazu): Not only; besides; as well からには (kara niwa): Now that; since; so long as; because
からみると (kara miru to): From the point of view of; by the look of; judging from からこそ (kara koso): Precisely because
ちっとも~ない (chitto mo~nai): (not) at all; (not) in the least かのように (ka no you ni): As if; just like
かねる (kaneru): Unable to do something; can’t do something かねない (kanenai): (someone) might do something, might happen
か何か (ka nanika): Or something 甲斐がある (kai ga aru): It’s worth one’s efforts to do something
かえって (kaette): On the contrary; rather; all the more; surprisingly だって (datte): Because; but; after all; even; too
か~ないうちに (ka~nai uchi ni): Right after; as soon as 上 (jou): For the sake of; from the standpoint of; as a matter of; in terms of
いわゆる (iwayuru): So-called, so to speak いきなり (ikinari): Suddenly; all of a sudden
ぶりに (buri ni): For the first time in (period of time) 以上に (ijou ni): More than; not less than
以上 (ijou): Because; now that 果たして (hatashite): Sure enough; really
反面 (hanmen): While, on the other hand いよいよ (iyoiyo): At last; finally
のもとで (no moto de): Under 以外 (igai): With the exception of; excepting
逆に (gyaku ni): On the contrary ごとに (goto ni): Each; every; at intervals of
げ (ge): Seeming; giving the appearance of ずに済む / なくて済む (zu ni sumu / nakute sumu): Get by without doing…
ざるを得ない (zaru o enai): Cannot help (doing); have no choice but to ふうに (fuu ni): This way/that way; in what way/how
ばかり (bakari) – 2: About, approximately 要するに (you suru ni): The point is…; in short…; to put it simply
ようがない (you ga nai): There is no way to; it’s impossible to のも当然だ (no mo touzen da): It’s only natural; no wonder; might as well
ようでは (you dewa): If よりほかない (yori hoka nai): To have no choice but
やら~やら (yara~yara): Such things as; and… and so on やがて (yagate): Before long; soon; almost; eventually
わずかに (wazuka ni): Slightly はともかく (wa tomokaku): Whether or not; nevermind; regardless of; not to mention
はべつとして (wa betsu toshite): Aside from; apart from; except for; whether or not ふたたび (futatabi): Again; once more
上は (ue wa): Now that; since のももっともだ (no mo motto mo da): No wonder; …is only natural
あるいは (aruiwa): Or; possibly

 

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