200+ JLPT N1 Grammar you need to know – How to use and Example

This post will introduce over 200 JLPT N1 Grammar structures you need to learn, the grammar structures are coming with detail guideline and some example sentences.

Click on each grammar to find out how to use them and some example sentences.

と見られる (to mirareru): To be regarded as; to be expected to; to be believed to ところから (tokoro kara): Because; from the fact that
ところがある (tokoro ga aru): To have; there is ときている (to kite iru): Because
ときたら (tokitara): When it comes to…; concerning… といわず (to iwazu): Not just; both
というわけではない (to iu wake dewa nai): It’s not that; it doesn’t mean that というわけだ (to iu wake da): This means; this is why; it is the case that
というもの (to iu mono) – 2: During/for/since/over a period of time というところだ (to iu tokoro da): Approximately; about
にかかっている (ni kakatte iru): To depend on であれ~であれ (de are~de are): Whether a or b
というか~というか (to iu ka~to iu ka): (i’m not sure if it’s) a or b というか (to iu ka): Or; or more precisely; or perhaps i should say
という (to iu) – 2: All; every といったらない (to ittara nai): Very; extremely; nothing more … than this
といい~といい (to ii~to ii): And; or といえども (to ie domo): Even
とばかりに (to bakari ni): As if; as though とあって (to atte): Because of
とあれば (to areba): If; if it is the case that に言わせれば (ni iwasereba): If you ask…; if one may say…
と相まって (to aimatte): Together with; along with だの~だの (dano~dano): And; and the like; and so forth
てやまない (te yamanai): Always; never stop; can’t help but ってば (tteba): I said; i told you to
てしかるべきだ (te shikaru beki da): Should ても差し支えない (temo sashitsukaenai): Can…; it’s okay if…
てもはじまらない (temo hajimaranai): It’s no use… てもどうにもならない (temo dou nimo naranai): It’s no use…
てみせる (te miseru): I’ll definitely てまで (te made): Even
に至っては (ni itatte wa): When it comes to; as for てかなわない (te kanawanai): Can’t stand; unable to
てからというもの (te kara to iu mono): After; since だに (dani): Even
てっきり (tekkiri): Surely; certainly; without a doubt た瞬間に (ta shunkan ni): The moment (something happens)
たりとも (tari tomo): (not) even; (not) any ためしがない (tameshi ga nai): Is never the case; has never happened
た拍子に (ta hyoushi ni): The moment; the instance ただ~のみだ (tada~nomi da): Can do nothing but; there’s only
そうにもない (sou nimo nai): Impossible; unlikely に至るまで (ni itaru made): Until
それなりに (sore nari ni): In itself; as it is; in its own way; as suits the occasion さも (samo): Truly; really; as if
そばから (soba kara): As soon as ぶる (buru): Assuming the air of…; behaving like…
始末だ (shimatsu da): End up; in the end さぞ (sazo): I believe/i’m certain something must be truly/really/very
をおいて (o oite): Other than をもって (omotte) – 2: At the time
ぶり (buri): Style; manner さもないと (samonaito): Otherwise; else; if not so
およそ (oyoso): Totally; utterly; (not) at all; roughly; about 折に (ori ni): When; at the time; on the occasion
思いをする (omoi o suru): To feel にひきかえ (ni hikikae): In contrast to
をよそに (o yoso ni): Despite; without regards to を余儀なくされる (o yoginaku sareru): To be forced to do something because one has no other choice
をもって (o motte) – 1: By means of; with をものともせず (o monotomo sezu): In defiance of
を禁じ得ない (o kinjienai): Can’t help but; can’t refrain from を機に (o ki ni): As an opportunity to
を皮切りに (o kawakiri ni): Starting with にあって (ni atte): In; on; at; during; in the condition of
を兼ねて (o kanete): Also for the purpose of を限りに (o kagiri ni): Starting from…; to the full extent of
をいいことに (o ii koto ni): To take advantage of を経て (o hete): Through; after; via
を踏まえて (o fumaete): Based on びる (biru): Seeming to be; behaving as
のなんのって (no nan no tte): Extremely のみか (nomika): Not only… but also
の極み (no kiwami): The utmost の至り (no itari): Utmost; extremely
にあたらない (ni ataranai): It’s not worth; there’s no need to んがため (n ga tame): In order to
んばかりに (n bakari ni): As if; as though によらず (ni yorazu): Regardless of
には及ばない (ni wa oyobanai): There’s no need to; does not match にとどまらず (ni todomarazu): Not limited to; not only… but also
に照らして (ni terashite): In comparison with, according to, in light of, in view of べくもない (beku mo nai): Can’t; cannot possibly be
に足りない (ni tarinai): To be not worth なるべく (narubeku): As much as possible
なりとも (naritomo): Even a little; at least なりに/なりの (nari ni/nari no): In one’s own way or style
なり~なり (nari~nari): Or なり (nari): As soon as
ならいざしらず (nara iza shirazu): I don’t know about a, but b; a is acceptable, but b ならでは (nara dewa): Uniquely applying to; special to
なしに (nashi ni): Without 何しろ (nani shiro): At any rate; anyway; in any case; because; as you know
なくして (nakushite): Without に足る/に足りる (ni taru/ni tariru): To be enough; to be worthy of
ばそれまでだ (ba sore made da): If… then it’s over ないとも限らない (nai tomo kagiranai): Might
ないものでもない (nai mono demo nai): Is not entirely impossible ないものか (nai mono ka): Can’t we…?; can’t i…?
ないまでも (nai made mo): Even if something isn’t done ないではすまない (nai dewa sumanai): Must; will definitely
ないではおかない/ずにはおかない: Will definitely/certainly do something; cannot not ながらに/ながらの (nagara ni/nagara no): Without change; while; during
もしくは (moshikuwa): Or; otherwise もさることながら (mo saru koto nagara): Not only… but also…
ものとして (mono to shite): To assume; to suppose ばこそ (bakoso): Only because
にたえる/にたえない (ni taeru/ni taenai): Can/can’t do something に値する (ni atai suru): To be worth; to deserve
ものと思われる (mono to omowareru): To think; to suppose ものを (mono o): I wish; if only; although; even though
もので (mono de): Because; for that reason もしないで (mo shinaide): Without even doing
を顧みず (o kaerimizu): Despite; regardless of もはや (mohaya): Already; no longer; not any more
めく (meku): To show signs of; to have the appearance of まるっきり (marukkiri): Totally; completely
に即して (ni sokushite): To agree with; in keeping with; to be based on まみれ (mamire): Covered in
ままに (mama ni): As, to do as 場合によっては (baai ni yotte wa): In some cases
まじき (majiki): Should not; must not までもない (made mo nai): It’s not necessary to
までだ (made da): Only くらいのものだ (kurai no mono da): Only
くらいなら (kurai nara): Rather than… こととて (kototote): Because; since
ことのないよう (koto no nai you): So as not to にして (ni shite): Only; even; in (time span); at (time, place)
ことなしに (koto nashi ni): Without doing something ことごとく (koto gotoku): Altogether; entirely
ことだし (koto dashi): Since; because あっての (atte no): Which owes everything to; which can exist solely due to the presence of
極めて (kiwamete): Extremely; exceedingly 極まる/極まりない (kiwamaru/kiwamarinai): Extremely
きりがない (kiri ga nai): There’s no end to きっての (kitte no): The most … of all
嫌いがある (kirai ga aru): To have a tendency to かつて (katsute): Once; before; never before
にしたって (ni shitatte): Even; even if かたわら (katawara): While (doing); in addition to; at the same time
かたがた (katagata): While; at the same time; for the purpose of かれ~かれ (kare~kare): Or
からある (kara aru): As much as; as many as あらかじめ (arakajime): Beforehand; in advance; previously
可能性がある (kanousei ga aru): There’s a possibility that か否か (ka ina ka): Whether or not
かいもなく (kai mo naku): Even though 限りだ (kagiri da): I feel so…
じみた (jimita): To look like に先駆けて (ni saki gakete): To be the first
いずれにせよ (izure nise yo): At any rate; anyway; in any case いまだに (ima da ni): Still; even now; until this very day
いかにも (ikanimo): Indeed; really いかに (ikani): How; how much
いかんによらず/いかんにかかわらず: Regardless of 案の定 (an no jou): Just as one thought; sure enough
いかんでは (ikan dewa): Depending on いかなる (ikanaru): Any kind of
ほうがましだ (hou ga mashi da): Would rather ほかに~ない (hoka ni~nai): No other; nothing else
に則って (ni nottotte): In accordance with ほどのことはない (hodo no koto wa nai): Not worth; no need to
ひとつ (hitotsu): To give something a try 羽目になる (hame ni naru): To end up with (something unpleasant)
ぐるみ (gurumi): (together) with ごとき/ごとく (gotoki/gotoku): Like; as if; the same as
が最後 (ga saigo): Once something occurs, something else happens あくまでも (akumade mo): To the end; persistently; absolutely; to the utmost degree
が早いか (ga hayai ka): As soon as がてら (gatera): On the same occasion; at the same time; coincidentally
ふと (futo): Suddenly; accidentally; unexpectedly; unintentionally にもまして (ni momashite): More than…; above…
どうにも~ない (dou nimo~nai): Not … by any means; no matter how hard one tries, cannot… ではすまない (dewa sumanai): It doesn’t end with just…
ではあるまいし (dewa aru mai shi): It’s not like; it isn’t as if ではあるまいか (dewa aru mai ka): I wonder if it’s not…
ずとも (zu tomo): Even without doing すら/ですら (sura/de sura): Even
ずくめ (zukume): Entirely; completely ずじまい (zu jimai): Never; did not (have the chance to)
ざる (zaru): Not; un- ゆえに (yue ni): Because, due to, therefore
にもほどがある (nimo hodo ga aru): To have a limit; to go too far ようによっては (you ni yotte wa): Depending on
(よ)うにも~ない (you nimo~nai): Even if one tries to do something, it can’t be done (よ)うものなら (you mono nara): If one chooses to; if one happens to
(よ)うか~まいか (you ka~mai ka): Whether or not (よ)うが~まいが (you ga~mai ga): Whether or not
(よ)うが/(よ)うと (you ga/you to): Even if; no matter how/what でなくてなんだろう (denakute nan darou): Must be; is definitely
やしない (yashinai): Not (emphatic negative) や否や (ya ina ya): The moment that; no sooner than; as soon as
はさておき (wa sateoki): Setting aside べく (beku): In order to; for the purpose of
はおろか (wa oro ka): Let alone; not to mention; needless to say つ~つ (tsu~tsu): Indicates two contrasting actions
とはいうものの (towa iu mono no): Having said that; be that as it may とはいえ (towaie): Nonetheless; though; although; be that as it may
とは (towa): Indicates word or phrase being defined とても~ない (totemo~nai): Cannot possibly; there is no way
とて (tote): Even でも何でもない (demo nan demo nai): Not in the least
あえて (aete): Dare to; daringly; deliberately として~ない (toshite~nai): Not even one
にまつわる (ni matsuwaru): To be related to としたって (to shitatte): Even if.
とっさに (tossa ni): At once; right away; promptly; on the spur of the moment とされる (to sareru): Is considered…
とりわけ (toriwake): Especially と思いきや (to omoikiya): I thought…; or so we thought
ともすれば (tomo sureba): Apt to; prone to となると/となれば (to naru to/to nareba): When; once (something happens)
ともなく (tomonaku): To do something without thinking about it とみるや (to miru ya): At the sight of; upon seeing
であれ/であろうと (de aru/de arou to): Whoever/whatever/however; even にかたくない (ni katakunai): It’s not hard to
べからず (bekarazu): Must not; should not; do not

We hope these grammar structures can give you good preparation for the JLPT N1 test. If you like the post, don’t forget to share it and bookmark this blog because we will come back with a lot of Japanese Grammar and Vocabulary.

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