200+ JLPT N1 Grammar you need to know – How to use and Example

This post will introduce over 200 JLPT N1 Grammar structures you need to learn, the grammar structures are coming with detail guideline and some example sentences.

Click on each grammar to find out how to use them and some example sentences.

と見られる (to mirareru): To be regarded as; to be expected to; to be believed toところから (tokoro kara): Because; from the fact that
ところがある (tokoro ga aru): To have; there isときている (to kite iru): Because
ときたら (tokitara): When it comes to…; concerning…といわず (to iwazu): Not just; both
というわけではない (to iu wake dewa nai): It’s not that; it doesn’t mean thatというわけだ (to iu wake da): This means; this is why; it is the case that
というもの (to iu mono) – 2: During/for/since/over a period of timeというところだ (to iu tokoro da): Approximately; about
にかかっている (ni kakatte iru): To depend onであれ~であれ (de are~de are): Whether a or b
というか~というか (to iu ka~to iu ka): (i’m not sure if it’s) a or bというか (to iu ka): Or; or more precisely; or perhaps i should say
という (to iu) – 2: All; everyといったらない (to ittara nai): Very; extremely; nothing more … than this
といい~といい (to ii~to ii): And; orといえども (to ie domo): Even
とばかりに (to bakari ni): As if; as thoughとあって (to atte): Because of
とあれば (to areba): If; if it is the case thatに言わせれば (ni iwasereba): If you ask…; if one may say…
と相まって (to aimatte): Together with; along withだの~だの (dano~dano): And; and the like; and so forth
てやまない (te yamanai): Always; never stop; can’t help butってば (tteba): I said; i told you to
てしかるべきだ (te shikaru beki da): Shouldても差し支えない (temo sashitsukaenai): Can…; it’s okay if…
てもはじまらない (temo hajimaranai): It’s no use…てもどうにもならない (temo dou nimo naranai): It’s no use…
てみせる (te miseru): I’ll definitelyてまで (te made): Even
に至っては (ni itatte wa): When it comes to; as forてかなわない (te kanawanai): Can’t stand; unable to
てからというもの (te kara to iu mono): After; sinceだに (dani): Even
てっきり (tekkiri): Surely; certainly; without a doubtた瞬間に (ta shunkan ni): The moment (something happens)
たりとも (tari tomo): (not) even; (not) anyためしがない (tameshi ga nai): Is never the case; has never happened
た拍子に (ta hyoushi ni): The moment; the instanceただ~のみだ (tada~nomi da): Can do nothing but; there’s only
そうにもない (sou nimo nai): Impossible; unlikelyに至るまで (ni itaru made): Until
それなりに (sore nari ni): In itself; as it is; in its own way; as suits the occasionさも (samo): Truly; really; as if
そばから (soba kara): As soon asぶる (buru): Assuming the air of…; behaving like…
始末だ (shimatsu da): End up; in the endさぞ (sazo): I believe/i’m certain something must be truly/really/very
をおいて (o oite): Other thanをもって (omotte) – 2: At the time
ぶり (buri): Style; mannerさもないと (samonaito): Otherwise; else; if not so
およそ (oyoso): Totally; utterly; (not) at all; roughly; about折に (ori ni): When; at the time; on the occasion
思いをする (omoi o suru): To feelにひきかえ (ni hikikae): In contrast to
をよそに (o yoso ni): Despite; without regards toを余儀なくされる (o yoginaku sareru): To be forced to do something because one has no other choice
をもって (o motte) – 1: By means of; withをものともせず (o monotomo sezu): In defiance of
を禁じ得ない (o kinjienai): Can’t help but; can’t refrain fromを機に (o ki ni): As an opportunity to
を皮切りに (o kawakiri ni): Starting withにあって (ni atte): In; on; at; during; in the condition of
を兼ねて (o kanete): Also for the purpose ofを限りに (o kagiri ni): Starting from…; to the full extent of
をいいことに (o ii koto ni): To take advantage ofを経て (o hete): Through; after; via
を踏まえて (o fumaete): Based onびる (biru): Seeming to be; behaving as
のなんのって (no nan no tte): Extremelyのみか (nomika): Not only… but also
の極み (no kiwami): The utmostの至り (no itari): Utmost; extremely
にあたらない (ni ataranai): It’s not worth; there’s no need toんがため (n ga tame): In order to
んばかりに (n bakari ni): As if; as thoughによらず (ni yorazu): Regardless of
には及ばない (ni wa oyobanai): There’s no need to; does not matchにとどまらず (ni todomarazu): Not limited to; not only… but also
に照らして (ni terashite): In comparison with, according to, in light of, in view ofべくもない (beku mo nai): Can’t; cannot possibly be
に足りない (ni tarinai): To be not worthなるべく (narubeku): As much as possible
なりとも (naritomo): Even a little; at leastなりに/なりの (nari ni/nari no): In one’s own way or style
なり~なり (nari~nari): Orなり (nari): As soon as
ならいざしらず (nara iza shirazu): I don’t know about a, but b; a is acceptable, but bならでは (nara dewa): Uniquely applying to; special to
なしに (nashi ni): Without何しろ (nani shiro): At any rate; anyway; in any case; because; as you know
なくして (nakushite): Withoutに足る/に足りる (ni taru/ni tariru): To be enough; to be worthy of
ばそれまでだ (ba sore made da): If… then it’s overないとも限らない (nai tomo kagiranai): Might
ないものでもない (nai mono demo nai): Is not entirely impossibleないものか (nai mono ka): Can’t we…?; can’t i…?
ないまでも (nai made mo): Even if something isn’t doneないではすまない (nai dewa sumanai): Must; will definitely
ないではおかない/ずにはおかない: Will definitely/certainly do something; cannot notながらに/ながらの (nagara ni/nagara no): Without change; while; during
もしくは (moshikuwa): Or; otherwiseもさることながら (mo saru koto nagara): Not only… but also…
ものとして (mono to shite): To assume; to supposeばこそ (bakoso): Only because
にたえる/にたえない (ni taeru/ni taenai): Can/can’t do somethingに値する (ni atai suru): To be worth; to deserve
ものと思われる (mono to omowareru): To think; to supposeものを (mono o): I wish; if only; although; even though
もので (mono de): Because; for that reasonもしないで (mo shinaide): Without even doing
を顧みず (o kaerimizu): Despite; regardless ofもはや (mohaya): Already; no longer; not any more
めく (meku): To show signs of; to have the appearance ofまるっきり (marukkiri): Totally; completely
に即して (ni sokushite): To agree with; in keeping with; to be based onまみれ (mamire): Covered in
ままに (mama ni): As, to do as場合によっては (baai ni yotte wa): In some cases
まじき (majiki): Should not; must notまでもない (made mo nai): It’s not necessary to
までだ (made da): Onlyくらいのものだ (kurai no mono da): Only
くらいなら (kurai nara): Rather than…こととて (kototote): Because; since
ことのないよう (koto no nai you): So as not toにして (ni shite): Only; even; in (time span); at (time, place)
ことなしに (koto nashi ni): Without doing somethingことごとく (koto gotoku): Altogether; entirely
ことだし (koto dashi): Since; becauseあっての (atte no): Which owes everything to; which can exist solely due to the presence of
極めて (kiwamete): Extremely; exceedingly極まる/極まりない (kiwamaru/kiwamarinai): Extremely
きりがない (kiri ga nai): There’s no end toきっての (kitte no): The most … of all
嫌いがある (kirai ga aru): To have a tendency toかつて (katsute): Once; before; never before
にしたって (ni shitatte): Even; even ifかたわら (katawara): While (doing); in addition to; at the same time
かたがた (katagata): While; at the same time; for the purpose ofかれ~かれ (kare~kare): Or
からある (kara aru): As much as; as many asあらかじめ (arakajime): Beforehand; in advance; previously
可能性がある (kanousei ga aru): There’s a possibility thatか否か (ka ina ka): Whether or not
かいもなく (kai mo naku): Even though限りだ (kagiri da): I feel so…
じみた (jimita): To look likeに先駆けて (ni saki gakete): To be the first
いずれにせよ (izure nise yo): At any rate; anyway; in any caseいまだに (ima da ni): Still; even now; until this very day
いかにも (ikanimo): Indeed; reallyいかに (ikani): How; how much
いかんによらず/いかんにかかわらず: Regardless of案の定 (an no jou): Just as one thought; sure enough
いかんでは (ikan dewa): Depending onいかなる (ikanaru): Any kind of
ほうがましだ (hou ga mashi da): Would ratherほかに~ない (hoka ni~nai): No other; nothing else
に則って (ni nottotte): In accordance withほどのことはない (hodo no koto wa nai): Not worth; no need to
ひとつ (hitotsu): To give something a try羽目になる (hame ni naru): To end up with (something unpleasant)
ぐるみ (gurumi): (together) withごとき/ごとく (gotoki/gotoku): Like; as if; the same as
が最後 (ga saigo): Once something occurs, something else happensあくまでも (akumade mo): To the end; persistently; absolutely; to the utmost degree
が早いか (ga hayai ka): As soon asがてら (gatera): On the same occasion; at the same time; coincidentally
ふと (futo): Suddenly; accidentally; unexpectedly; unintentionallyにもまして (ni momashite): More than…; above…
どうにも~ない (dou nimo~nai): Not … by any means; no matter how hard one tries, cannot…ではすまない (dewa sumanai): It doesn’t end with just…
ではあるまいし (dewa aru mai shi): It’s not like; it isn’t as ifではあるまいか (dewa aru mai ka): I wonder if it’s not…
ずとも (zu tomo): Even without doingすら/ですら (sura/de sura): Even
ずくめ (zukume): Entirely; completelyずじまい (zu jimai): Never; did not (have the chance to)
ざる (zaru): Not; un-ゆえに (yue ni): Because, due to, therefore
にもほどがある (nimo hodo ga aru): To have a limit; to go too farようによっては (you ni yotte wa): Depending on
(よ)うにも~ない (you nimo~nai): Even if one tries to do something, it can’t be done(よ)うものなら (you mono nara): If one chooses to; if one happens to
(よ)うか~まいか (you ka~mai ka): Whether or not(よ)うが~まいが (you ga~mai ga): Whether or not
(よ)うが/(よ)うと (you ga/you to): Even if; no matter how/whatでなくてなんだろう (denakute nan darou): Must be; is definitely
やしない (yashinai): Not (emphatic negative)や否や (ya ina ya): The moment that; no sooner than; as soon as
はさておき (wa sateoki): Setting asideべく (beku): In order to; for the purpose of
はおろか (wa oro ka): Let alone; not to mention; needless to sayつ~つ (tsu~tsu): Indicates two contrasting actions
とはいうものの (towa iu mono no): Having said that; be that as it mayとはいえ (towaie): Nonetheless; though; although; be that as it may
とは (towa): Indicates word or phrase being definedとても~ない (totemo~nai): Cannot possibly; there is no way
とて (tote): Evenでも何でもない (demo nan demo nai): Not in the least
あえて (aete): Dare to; daringly; deliberatelyとして~ない (toshite~nai): Not even one
にまつわる (ni matsuwaru): To be related toとしたって (to shitatte): Even if.
とっさに (tossa ni): At once; right away; promptly; on the spur of the momentとされる (to sareru): Is considered…
とりわけ (toriwake): Especiallyと思いきや (to omoikiya): I thought…; or so we thought
ともすれば (tomo sureba): Apt to; prone toとなると/となれば (to naru to/to nareba): When; once (something happens)
ともなく (tomonaku): To do something without thinking about itとみるや (to miru ya): At the sight of; upon seeing
であれ/であろうと (de aru/de arou to): Whoever/whatever/however; evenにかたくない (ni katakunai): It’s not hard to
べからず (bekarazu): Must not; should not; do not

We hope these grammar structures can give you good preparation for the JLPT N1 test. If you like the post, don’t forget to share it and bookmark this blog because we will come back with a lot of Japanese Grammar and Vocabulary.

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