130+ JLPT N3 grammar structures you need to learn – How to use and Example

Today we will show you over 130 JLPT N3 Grammar structures you need to prepare for the test. The grammar structures are coming with detail guideline and some example sentences.

Click on each grammar to find out how to use and examples sentences.

っぱなし (ppanashi): Leaving (something) on, leaving (something) still in useおかげで (okage de): Thanks to a, b happens; because of a, b (something good) happens
をはじめ (o hajime): For example, starting withの間に (no aida ni): While, during (the time when)
によって / による (ni yotte / ni yoru): By means of, due to, owing to, because ofによると / によれば (ni yoru to / ni yoreba): According to
につれ / につれて (ni tsure / ni tsurete): As, in proportion to, with, as… then…について (ni tsuite): Concerning, regarding
ばかりか/ばかりでなく (bakari ka / bakari denaku): Not only… but also, as well asにとって (ni totte): To, for, concerning, as far as … is concerned
として (toshite): As (i.e. in the role of)に対して (ni taishite): In regard to; in contrast to; whereas; to
にしても (ni shite mo): Even, even ifにしては (ni shite wa): For; considering it’s (something or someone)
において/における (ni oite/ni okeru): In, on, at (place); as for, regardingに比べて (ni kurabete): Compared to, in comparison to
にかわって/にかわり (ni kawatte/ni kawari): Instead of, on behalf ofに関する / に関して (ni kansuru / ni kanshite): Concerning, about, with regard to, related to, in relation to
にかけて (ni kakete): Over (a period of time), through, concerningに違いない (ni chigai nai): I’m sure, no doubt that, without a doubt
ばかりだ (bakari da): Continue to (similar to 一方だ)としたら/とすれば (to shitara/to sureba): If it were the case that…, if we assume…
んだって (ndatte): I hear that…なぜなら/なぜかというと (nazenara/naze ka toiuto): Because; the reason is; if you want to know why
なんて (nante): Such as, things likeないことはない (nai koto wa nai): Can; …is not impossible
ながらも (nagara mo): But, although, despite向け (muke): Intended for; aimed at; oriented towards
向き (muki): Suitable forもしかしたら (moshikashitara): Perhaps; maybe; perchance; by any chance
ものだ (mono da): Used to do something; of courseもの (mono): Because; indicates reason or excuse; indicates dissatisfaction
とおり (toori): In the same way as, in the way, asばかり (bakari) – 1: Only, nothing but
めったに~ない (metta ni~nai): Hardly, rarely, seldomまるで (marude): As if; as though; just like
まま (mama): As it isくせに (kuse ni): Even though, and yet, in spite of
くらい (kurai) – 2: To the extent that, so much… thatことはない (koto wa nai): There is no need to; never happens
ことにする (koto ni suru): Decide toことになる (koto ni naru): It has been decided that…
ことに (koto ni): To my…; ~lyところが (tokoro ga): Even so, however, even though
ことから (koto kara): From the fact that…ばいい (ba ii): Should, can, it’d be good if
ことか (koto ka): How…!; what…!ことがある (koto ga aru): There are times when; (something) happens on occasions
ことだ (koto da): Should (used when giving suggestions or advice)こと (koto) – 2: (must) do
こそ (koso): For sure (emphasize preceding word)きり (kiri): Only, just, since, after
切れない (kirenai): Being too many or too much to finish or complete切る (kiru): To do something completely to the end
ところで (tokoro de): By the way決して~ない (kesshite~nai): Never; by no means; not in the least; in no way
っけ (kke): What is… again?ば~ほど (ba~hodo): The more… the more
代わりに (kawari ni): Instead of, in exchange for, to make up forから言うと (kara iu to): In terms of; from the point of view of
かけ (kake): Half-; not yet finished; in the middle of一方で (ippou de): On one hand, on the other hand
一方だ (ippou da): More and more, continue toいくら~ても (ikura~temo): No matter how
ほど~ない (hodo~nai): Is not as… asというより (to iu yori): Rather than
ほど (hodo): To the extent that, so much… that; the more気味 (gimi): -like, -looking
がたい (gatai): Hard to, difficult toあまりに (amari ni): Too…; so much… that; too much; excessively
がち (gachi): Apt to do, tend to doふりをする (furi o suru): To pretend, to act as if
どんなに~ても (donna ni~temo): No matter howどころか (dokoro ka): Far from, anything but, let alone, much less
だらけ (darake): Covered all over in, full ofだけ (dake) – 2: As much as
というと/といえば/といったら (toiuto / toieba / toittara): If it were the case that…中 (chuu/juu): During, throughout
ずにはいられない (zu ni wa irarenai): Can’t help but feel, can’t help but doずに (zuni): Without doing
ようとしない (you to shinai): To not try to, to not try to make an effort toようとする (you to suru): Try to, be about to
べつに~ない (betsuni~nai): Not really, not particularlyように (you ni): In order to (e.g. meet goal); so that; hoping or wishing for something
ような気がする (you na ki ga suru): Have a feeling that…, think that…わりに (wari ni): For, despite, although, unexpectedly
わけにはいかない (wake niwa ikanai): must not, cannot afford to, can’t very well; must, have no choice but toべき/べきだ (beki/beki da): Must, should, ought to
わけがない (wake ga nai): There is no way that…, it is impossible for…わけではない (wake dewa nai): It doesn’t mean that; it is not the case that; i don’t mean that; it is
わけだ (wake da): The fact is, for that reason, as you’d expect, as you know上で (ue de): after
うちに (uchi ni): While, before, duringと共に (to tomo ni): Together with
べきではない (beki dewa nai): Must not do, should not doというのは (to iu no wa): Means; is; because; that is to say
ということだ (to iu koto da): I’ve heard that…; rumor has it that…という (to iu): Called, named
といっても (to ittemo): Although i say; although one might say; although calledつまり (tsumari): In other words; that is to say
てもかまわない (te mo kamawanai): It doesn’t matter if…てはじめて (te hajimete): Not until, only after… did i
てごらん (te goran): (please) try to, (please) lookたとたん (ta totan): Just (now, at the moment), as soon as
たとえ~ても (tatoe~temo): Even if… is the caseたらいい/といい (tara ii/to ii): It would be nice if, i hope, should
ばよかった (ba yokatta): Should have, it would have been better if…, i wish…ために (tame ni) – 2: Because of, as a result of
ために (tame ni) – 1: For, for the sake of, in order to, for the benefit ofたびに (tabi ni): Each time, every time, whenever (something happens)
ついでに (tsuide ni): While (you) are at it; on the occasionそうもない (sou mo nai): Very unlikely to
その結果 (sono kekka): As a resultしかない (shika nai): Have no choice but
次第 (shidai): As soon as, dependent uponせいで/せいか (seide/seika): Because of
最中に (saichuu ni): In the middle ofさえ ~ ば (sae ~ ba): If only ~ then; as long as; the only thing ~ need is
ばかりに (bakari ni): Simply because, simply on account of => negative resultさえ (sae): Even
っぽい (ppoi): -ish, -likeとは限らない (to wa kagiranai): Not necessarily so; is not always true
あまり (amari): So much… that

 

We hope these grammar structures can give you good preparation for the JLPT N3 test. If you like the post, don’t forget to share it and bookmark this blog because we will come back with a lot of Japanese Grammar and Vocabulary.

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