100+ JLPT Grammar N4 structures you have to know – Explanation and Example

This post will give you over 100 JLPT Grammar N4 structures with detail explanation (how to use) and example sentences. 

Click on each grammar structure to read the detail explanation and example sentences.

てよかった (te yokatta): I’m glad that… てすみません (tesumimasen): I’m sorry for…
てしまう (te shimau): To do something by accident, to finish completely ておく (teoku): To do something in advance
てもらう (te morau): To get somebody to do something ても (temo): Even; even if; even though
てみる (temiru): Try to (do something) てくる (te kuru): To come to, to become, to continue, to do… and come back
てくれる (te kureru): To do something for me or somebody’s sake でございます (de gozaimasu): To be (the polite form of です)
ようになる (you ni naru): To reach the point that, to come to be that, to turn into ていただけませんか (te itadakemasen ka): Can you please; could i get
ていた (te ita): Was doing something (past continuous) ているところ (te iru tokoro): In the process of doing
ていく (te iku): To go on, to continue, to start てほしい (tehoshii): I need you to…
てある (te aru): Something is done; something has been done てあげる (te ageru): To do for
たところ (ta tokoro): Just finished doing; was just doing たり~たり (tari~tari): Do such things like
たらどうですか (tara dou desu ka): Why don’t you… ように/ような (you ni/you na): As; like; just as; as though
でも (demo): …or something たら (tara): If… then; after; when
たがる (tagaru): Want to たばかり (ta bakari): Just finished; something just ended/occurred
そうだ (sou da) – 2: Look like; appear; seem; feel like そうだ (sou da) – 1: People say that; it is said that; i heard that
そうに / そうな (sou ni/sou na): Seem; look like それでも (sore demo): But still; and yet; even so
そんなに (sonna ni): So much; so; like that しか~ない (shika~nai): Only; nothing but
ようだ (you da): It seems that, it appears that, it looks like ~し (~shi): And
出す (dasu): To suddenly begin; to suddenly appear; …out さすが (sasuga): As one would expect; even
させられる (saserareru): To be made to do something させる (saseru): Make/let somebody do something;
さ (sa): Nominalizer for adjectives らしい (rashii): Seem like; look like; i heard that; it appears that
られる (rareru) – 2: Passive voice られる (rareru) – 1: Be able to do something
終わる (owaru): To finish…; to end 予定だ (yotei da): Plan to, intend to
おきに (oki ni): Repeated at intervals; every お~になる (o~ni naru): To do something (honorific)
だけで (dake de): Just by; just by doing お~ください (o~kudasai): Please do (honorific)
のように/のような (no you ni/no you na): Like; similar to のに (noni) – 2: Although; in spite of; even though
のに (noni) – 1: In order to の中で (no naka de): In; among
に見える (ni mieru): To look; to seem; to appear にくい (nikui): Difficult to…; hard to…
より (yori): Than; more than に気がつく (ni ki ga tsuku): To notice; to realize
なさる (nasaru): To do (the polite form of する) なさい (nasai): Do… (command)
場合は (baai wa): If; in the case; in the event of なら (nara): If; if it is the case that; as for
なくてもいい (nakute mo ii): Don’t have to なくてはいけない/なくてはならない: Must do, have to do
なければならない (nakereba naranai): Must do something ないで (naide): Without doing…; don’t
ながら (nagara): While; during; as やすい (yasui): Easy to; likely to…; have a tendency to…
など (nado): Such as, things like, the likes of みたいに / みたいな (mitai ni / mitai na): Like, similar to
みたいだ (mitai da): -like; sort of; similar to; resembling までに (made ni): By; by the time
ば (ba): If… then (ば conditional) ことができる (koto ga dekiru): Can; to be able to
こと (koto) – 1: **Verb nominalizer かしら (kashira): I wonder
かた (kata): how to (the way to do something) かな (kana): I wonder, should i?, is it?, i wish that (with a negative), i hope that
続ける (tsuzukeru): To continue to かもしれない (kamoshirenai): Might; maybe; probably
かどうか (ka dou ka): Whether or not じゃないか (janai ka): Right?; isn’t it?
いたす (itasu): To do (the polite form of する) た後で (ta ato de): After; later
いらっしゃる (irassharu): To be; to come; to go  欲しい (hoshii): To want something; to be in need of
必要がある (hitsuyou ga aru): Need, it is necessary to 必要 (hitsuyou): Need; necessary
がする (ga suru): Smell; hear; taste はずがない (hazu ga nai): Cannot be; it’s impossible that
はずだ (hazu da): It must be, it should be 始める (hajimeru): To start…; to begin to…
ございます (gozaimasu): To be, to exist ごろ (goro): Around; about
全然~ない (zenzen~nai): (not) at all と思う (to omou): I think…; you think…
と見える (to mieru): It seems that… ようと思う (you to omou): I think i will… (i’m thinking of doing…)
ところ (tokoro): Be just about to do something; be on the verge of doing something と聞いた (to kiita): I heard…
とき (toki): When とか~とか (toka~toka): Among other things; such as
と言われている (to iwarete iru): It is said that… と言ってもいい (to itte mo ii): You could say; you might say
と~と, どちらが (to ~ to, dochira ga): Which one… がる (garu): To show signs of; to feel; to think; to behave as if
と (to) – 2: if, when, and あまり~ない (amari~nai): Not very; not much
ようにする (you ni suru): To try to, to make sure that

 

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